ProvenÇal Chronology of CÉzanne: 1900–1906
- Cézanne works at the Château Noir during the day, returning to Aix in the
- The writer André Gide tells Maurice Denis a colorful story about
Cézanne. It seems the artist had consecrated a room
in his apartment to his mother's memory.
His wife, in a fit of jealousy, burned
all the trinkets. On discovering this, Cézanne left
and spent several days in the countryside.
- November 16
- Cézanne acquires a small country property and
a plot of cultivable
land in the vicinity of Les Lauves, to the north of the
- January 23
- Cézanne thanks Vollard for a watercolor by Delacroix,
Bouquet of Flowers. He hangs it in his bedroom. He continues
to paint a bouquet of roses intended for the Salon.
- Cézanne receives a visit from the dealers Josse
and Gaston Bernheim-Jeune and another dealer with whom
his son has done business. But the painter is determined
to remain faithful to Vollard, "regretting
that my son could have even suggested I might take my canvases
to someone else." The Bernheims give some money to a
friend of Cézanne's, instructing him to buy several
watercolors. He succeeds in obtaining only one for them.
- March 11
- Construction continues on the studio begun the previous
year on Cézanne's plot at Les Lauves.
- Two paintings by Cézanne are presented at the
fourth exhibition of the Amis
des Arts d'Aix. In the catalogue Cézanne
identifies himself as a "student of Pissarro."
- July 8
- Cézanne justifies his failure to visit Joachim
Gasquet, as anticipated in a letter of May 17, by invoking
the tenacity with which he works: "I pursue success
through work. I have contempt for all living painters
except Monet and Renoir, and I want to succeed through
- September 26
- Cézanne drafts a will, left with Maître
Mouravit, naming his
son as his sole heir: "Consequently my wife, should
she survive me, will have no legal claim on the property
will constitute my estate on the day
of my death."
- September 29
- Death of Zola in Paris. Cézanne is
- January 9
- Cézanne is content with his new studio, where
he works better
than in town: "I work obstinately."
He leads a solitary life.
- February 22
- After confiding his exhaustion to
a young painter,
Cézanne advises him to visit his son
in Paris, describing Paul as a "great
or indifferent, but a good boy."
- November 13
- Death of Pissarro in Paris.
- February 4
- The artist Émile Bernard visits
Cézanne for the first time in Aix, where he remains
for a month. He accompanies him to the
motifs of the Montagne Sainte-Victoire and the Château
Noir and works in a room on the ground floor of Cézanne's
- Together, Cézanne and Bernard visit the Musée
- June 27
- Cézanne again complains of "cerebral disturbances
that prevent me from moving about freely."
- November 11
- Cézanne works on a canvas of Bathers, a portrait
of an old poacher, and
some landscapes. He also paints some watercolors.
- December 9
- Cézanne invites another artist
to work sur le motif with him. He says he should come
directly to his studio, where, since the summer, he
has had lunch brought at 11 o'clock prior to
departing for the motif, weather permitting, until 5:00
- late January
- Maurice Denis travels to Provence
with Kerr-Xavier Roussel. They pass through Aix, visit
the Jas de Bouffan, and find Cézanne after Mass at
the cathedral of Saint-Sauveur. They then visit his studio
and accompany him
to the motif of the Montagne Sainte-Victoire.
- Cézanne exhibits a "Château du
Diable" (Château Noir) at the fifth exhibition
of the Société des
Amis des Arts d'Aix.
He is listed in the supplement to the
catalogue as "student of Pissarro."
- Cézanne works out-of-doors
before his motif
beginning at dawn. His wife and son are in Paris.
- July 25
- Hortense Cézanne is ill. Cézanne asks his
son to take good care of her and
to seek "the well-being, coolness, and diversions
appropriate to the circumstances." He himself is ill
from his diabetes. His gardener, Vallier, massages him.
He is undergoing an "atrocious" regimen of treatment.
- August 12
- Overcome and exasperated by pain,
he lives in isolation. He stops going
to Mass at Saint-Sauveur because
he does not like the way the new abbé plays the organ.
- He works every late afternoon on the banks of the Arc,
at the Trois Sautets bridge, and the spot known as the
Gour de Martelly.
- September 22
- He still suffers from "troubles cerebraux," or
headaches, and relies
on his son to look after his affairs.
- October 7
- He spends his late afternoons in a café with friends from Aix.
- The weather has turned cool and stormy, and Cézanne
abandons the banks of the Arc to work in Aix, where he
paints some watercolors. He is looking for a place
nearby to keep the heavier painting materials he needs
to work in oil.
- October 15
- He orders two dozen brushes through his son. He collapses
while painting outdoors and remains in the rain for several
hours. He is brought home in
a laundry cart. The next day he goes to his studio to
work on the portrait of Vallier, then returns home seriously
ill. He settles down to work in his wife's dressing
- October 17
- Cézanne complains to his paint dealer about not having
received what he
had ordered eight days earlier. This is Cézanne's
last known letter.
- October 20
- The painter's sister Marie Cézanne asks
Cézanne's son Paul to come to his father's side as
quickly as possible.
- October 22
- Cézanne's housekeeper, telegraphs the painter's son that
his father is gravely ill. Madame Cézanne and Paul
arrive too late.
Cézanne is given last rites.
- October 23
- Cézanne dies at 7:00 a.m. at his home, on the
Boulegon. The funeral is held the next day in the cathedral
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