image: Cezanne in Provence image: National Gallery of Art image: Cezanne in Provence

A ProvenÇal Chronology of CÉzanne: 1900–1906

Cézanne works at the Château Noir during the day, returning to Aix in the evenings.
The writer André Gide tells Maurice Denis a colorful story about Cézanne. It seems the artist had consecrated a room in his apartment to his mother's memory. His wife, in a fit of jealousy, burned all the trinkets. On discovering this, Cézanne left and spent several days in the countryside.
November 16
Cézanne acquires a small country property and a plot of culti­vable land in the vicinity of Les Lauves, to the north of the city.
January 23
Cézanne thanks Vollard for a watercolor by Delacroix, Bouquet of Flowers. He hangs it in his bedroom. He continues to paint a bouquet of roses intended for the Salon.
Cézanne receives a visit from the dealers Josse and Gaston Bernheim-Jeune and another dealer with whom his son has done business. But the painter is determined to remain faithful to Vollard, "regretting that my son could have even suggested I might take my canvases to someone else." The Bernheims give some money to a friend of Cézanne's, instructing him to buy several water­colors. He succeeds in obtaining only one for them.
March 11
Construction continues on the studio begun the previous year on Cézanne's plot at Les Lauves.
Two paintings by Cézanne are presented at the fourth exhibition of the Amis des Arts d'Aix. In the catalogue Cézanne identifies himself as a "student of Pissarro."
July 8
Cézanne justifies his failure to visit Joachim Gasquet, as anticipated in a letter of May 17, by invoking the tenacity with which he works: "I pursue success through work. I have contempt for all living painters except Monet and Renoir, and I want to succeed through work."
September 26
Cézanne drafts a will, left with Maître Mouravit, naming his son as his sole heir: "Consequently my wife, should she survive me, will have no legal claim on the property that will constitute my estate on the day of my death."
September 29
Death of Zola in Paris. Cézanne is very upset.
January 9
Cézanne is content with his new studio, where he works better than in town: "I work obstinately." He leads a solitary life.
February 22
After confiding his exhaustion to a young painter, Cézanne advises him to visit his son in Paris, describing Paul as a "great philosopher...rather skittish, or indifferent, but a good boy."
November 13
Death of Pissarro in Paris.
February 4
The artist Émile Bernard visits Cézanne for the first time in Aix, where he remains for a month. He accompanies him to the motifs of the Montagne Sainte-Victoire and the Château Noir and works in a room on the ground floor of Cézanne's studio.
Together, Cézanne and Bernard visit the Musée d'Aix.
June 27
Cézanne again complains of "cerebral disturbances that prevent me from moving about freely."
November 11
Cézanne works on a canvas of Bathers, a portrait of an old poacher, and some landscapes. He also paints some watercolors.
December 9
Cézanne invites another artist to work sur le motif with him. He says he should come directly to his studio, where, since the summer, he has had lunch brought at 11 o'clock prior to departing for the motif, weather permitting, until 5:00 p.m.
late January
Maurice Denis travels to Provence with Kerr-Xavier Roussel. They pass through Aix, visit the Jas de Bouffan, and find Cézanne after Mass at the cathedral of Saint-Sauveur. They then visit his studio and accompany him to the motif of the Montagne Sainte-Victoire.
Cézanne exhibits a "Château du Diable" (Château Noir) at the fifth exhibition of the Société des Amis des Arts d'Aix. He is listed in the supplement to the catalogue as "student of Pissarro."
Cézanne works out-of-doors before his motif beginning at dawn. His wife and son are in Paris.
July 25
Hortense Cézanne is ill. Cézanne asks his son to take good care of her and to seek "the well-being, coolness, and diversions appropriate to the circumstances." He himself is ill from his diabetes. His gardener, Vallier, massages him. He is undergoing an "atrocious" regimen of treatment.
August 12
Overcome and exasperated by pain, he lives in isolation. He stops going to Mass at Saint-Sauveur because he does not like the way the new abbé plays the organ.
He works every late afternoon on the banks of the Arc, at the Trois Sautets bridge, and the spot known as the Gour de Martelly.
September 22
He still suffers from "troubles cerebraux," or headaches, and relies on his son to look after his affairs.
October 7
He spends his late afternoons in a café with friends from Aix.
The weather has turned cool and stormy, and Cézanne abandons the banks of the Arc to work in Aix, where he paints some watercolors. He is looking for a place nearby to keep the heavier painting materials he needs to work in oil.
October 15
He orders two dozen brushes through his son. He collapses while painting outdoors and remains in the rain for several hours. He is brought home in a laundry cart. The next day he goes to his studio to work on the portrait of Vallier, then returns home seriously ill. He settles down to work in his wife's dressing room.
October 17
Cézanne complains to his paint dealer about not having received what he had ordered eight days earlier. This is Cézanne's last known letter.
October 20
The painter's sister Marie Cézanne asks Cézanne's son Paul to come to his father's side as quickly as possible.
October 22
Cézanne's housekeeper, telegraphs the painter's son that his father is gravely ill. Madame Cézanne and Paul arrive too late. Cézanne is given last rites.
October 23
Cézanne dies at 7:00 a.m. at his home, on the Boulegon. The funeral is held the next day in the cathedral of Saint-Sauveur.

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