- Émile Bernard (1868–1941)
- French artist who published
his memoirs of Cézanne, including their correspondence,
- Victor Chocquet (1821–1891)
- Paris civil
servant who was the first collector of Cézanne's art.
- French artist whose rugged manner of painting—including
the use of a palette knife to apply paint to his canvases—influenced Cézanne's
- Maurice Denis (1870–1943)
- French artist who visited Cézanne in 1906 at his
studio at Les Lauves. In 1907 Denis was the first to call
Cézanne the "Master of Aix."
Gasquet (d. 1906)
- Cézanne's childhood friend and
father of Joachim Gasquet.
- Joachim Gasquet (1873–1821)
- Poet and friend of Cézanne's from Aix; he was the artist's first biographer.
- Louis Gautier (1855–1947)
- Academic painter from Aix.
- Director of the Musée d'Aix
and Cézanne's first drawing teacher at the museum's
school. He had been a pupil of François–Marius Granet.
- François–Marius Granet (1775–1849)
- Genre and landscape
painter from Aix whose work Cézanne admired.
- French artist,
whose work was controversial for its modern subject matter.
His bold painting technique influenced Cézanne
during his sojourns in Paris in the 1860s.
- Antoine–Fortuné Marion (1846–1900)
- One Cézanne's school friends in Aix. He went on to
a distinguished career as a professor and director of the
Natural History Museum in Marseille. Cézanne painted
his portrait in 1866–1867 at the Jas de Bouffan.
- Term referring to the south of France, including the region
Name given to the strong wind that blows along the Mediterranean
coast of France, primarily in the winter.
- A distinguishing
(and often recurring) theme, subject matter, or image in a work
- Claude Monet (1840–1926)
- French impressionist artist
who befriended Cézanne in Paris.
- palette knife
- A tool
with a spatula–like blade used for mixing paint on the palette.
- pays d'Aix
- The countryside surrounding Aix.
- Camille Pissarro (1830–1903)
impressionist artist who acted as Cézanne's mentor.
He was pivotal in guiding Cézanne toward a command
of oil painting, and toward what was to become the impressionist
approach: a lighter palette, more subtle and modulated brushwork,
and a passion for painting landscapes out–of–doors.
- French artist who worked
primarily in Rome and was a chief proponent of the grand
manner of painting. Cézanne studied his idealizing landscapes
in the Louvre.
- Historic region of southeastern France, situated along
the Mediterranean Sea.
- Pierre Puget (1620–1694)
- A baroque sculptor who was the most famous Provençal
artist during Cézanne's day. Cézanne made more
than thirty drawings after works by Puget, principally
those that he could study in the Louvre. Cézanne owned
a plaster cast of a statuette thought at the time to have
been after an original by Puget, which appears in Still
Life with a Plaster Cupid, c. 1892–1895.
- Pierre–Auguste Renoir (1841–1919)
- French impressionist artist who was a good friend of Cézanne’s,
visiting him several times in Provence.
- Kerr–Xavier Roussel (1867–1944)
artist who visited Cézanne at his Les Lauves studio in
1906 with Maurice Denis. He photographed Cézanne painting
the Montagne Sainte–Victoire.
- A small village several miles northwest of Aix.
- Salon des Refusés
Exhibition of artists whose works were rejected by juries
for the Paris Salon, the annual, state–sanctioned exhibition
of contemporary art. Among the artists included in the 1863
Salon were Manet, Pissarro, and Cézanne.
- sur le motif
- French expression meaning "before the motif." It
is used to describe working outdoors directly in front of
the scene being rendered.
- Le Tholonet
- Village to the east of Aix in the vicinity of the Château
Noir. Cézanne often went to dine there when he was
painting at the Château Noir and the Bibémus
- Antony Valabrègue (1844–1900)
Poet and childhood friend of Cézanne's from Aix. Cézanne's
portrait of him from 1866, painted at the Jas de Bouffan, was
described by a member of an exhibition jury as having been
painted "not only with a knife, but with a pistol."
- Ambroise Vollard
- Paris art dealer who championed Cézanne's work.
Vollard mounted Cézanne's first solo exhibition in
1895 in Paris, bringing the artist much critical notice.
- Author and critic who was Cézanne's oldest friend.
Writing of the third impressionist exhibition in 1877, to
which Cézanne had sent paintings of L'Estaque, he called
Cézanne "without a doubt the finest colorist of
the group. In the exhibition there are some extremely fine
landscapes of Provence by him." Cézanne broke
off relations with Zola after the latter published a novel
(L'Oeuvre, 1886) that featured the character of a failed artist
apparently based on Cézanne.
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