image: Strokes of Genius: Rembrandt's Prints and Drawings

Clement de Jonghe, 1651
state four of six
etching, drypoint, engraving on European paper
Gift of R. Horace Gallatin, 1943

An Amsterdam publisher and print and map dealer, Clement de Jonghe (1624/1625 – 1677) acquired numerous copperplates by Rembrandt during the artist's lifetime. A comparison of the various states of this print reveals the subtle changes Rembrandt made to the sitter's facial expression as he adjusted the light and shade to create different psychological effects. In the first state De Jonghe seems to be smiling, but as the revisions progress, shadows deepen across his eyes and his expression becomes more contemplative.

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