Jasper Johns: An Allegory of Painting, 1955–1965
Jasper Johns (born 1930) 1st Etchings, 2nd State [Paint Brushes, Flashlight, 0 through 9, Lightbulb, Flag, Ale Cans], 1969 photoengraving and etching, trial proof on Auvergne paper National Gallery of Art, Washington, Patrons' Permanent Fund Art © Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY Jasper Johns (born 1930) 0 through 9, 1978 lithograph, working proof with chalk additions on wove paper Collection of the artist. Art © Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
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Objects Revisited

Later works incorporating motifs from 1st Etchings, 2nd State are on view in this section, showing some of Johns’ subsequent explorations of relationships among these images and other materials and processes, as seen, for example, in Savarin.

Savarin, 1977
Collection of the artist. Art Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
Introduced here are other print media Johns had been exploring— screenprint (Flags I

Flags I, 1960
National Gallery of Art, Washington, Robert and Jane Meyerhoff Collection. Art Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
) and monotype a process in which a unique image, drawn and/or painted onto a smooth surface such as a sheet of plastic, is transferred to paper. No physically or chemically treated matrix is involved, but additional ghost images, each paler than the previous one, may be printed. (Savarin

Savarin, 1982
National Gallery of Art, Washington, Robert and Jane Meyerhoff Collection. Art Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
)—as well as his first uses of offset lithographythe grease image is transferred from the matrix to an intermediate surface and then to paper, a double reversal that prints the image as it was drawn rather than in reverse. (Decoy

Decoy, 1971
National Gallery of Art, Washington, Gift of the Woodward Foundation, Washington, DC. Art Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
, Decoy II

Decoy II, 1971/1973
National Gallery of Art, Washington, Gift of the Woodward Foundation, Washington, DC. Art Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
, and Two Flags). Unique working proofs in this section include Light Bulb (fig. a) and 0 through 9 (fig. b), both of which are so extensively redrawn in chalk that their tactile properties more readily evoke a drawing than a printed image.

Among the most distinctive works are Flag

Lead Relief: Flag, 1969
Published by Gemini G.E.L. National Gallery of Art, Washington, Gift of Gemini G.E.L. Art Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
and Numerals, 0 through 9

Lead Relief: Numerals, 0 through 9, 1969
National Gallery of Art, Washington, Gift of Gemini G.E.L. Art Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY
from a group of six Lead Reliefs Johns made in collaboration with the technologically oriented staff at Gemini G.E.L. about the same time he completed 1st Etchings, 2nd State. For the reliefs, thin sheets of lead, of a dull, unpolished finish that corresponds to the gray hues associated with Johns’ art, were placed in molds made from the artist’s carefully manipulated wax and plaster models and converted into relief images using a hydraulic press. The fragile embossed sheets were then mounted on rigid surfaces for stability.

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