Italian, 16th Century
Child's Armor of Philip III, Milan, c. 1585
etched, embossed, and gilt steel; gold damascening and silver relief work
Patrimonio Nacional, Real Armería, Madrid,

Both suits of armor shown here were made for young Philip to wear in foot combat at the barrier, a sport introduced in the mid-16th century. Participants wore half-armor, as they fought with wooden swords on opposite sides of a low barrier and blows to the lower body were forbidden. The portrait of the prince at age fourteen by Pantoja de la Cruz, shows him dressed in this same armor and depicts its original patina.