This exhibition is no longer on view at the National Gallery. Please follow the links below for related online resources or visit our current exhibitions schedule.
After more than a century of the dominance of baroque architecture, architects and designers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries began to look to the past for new inspiration. The twin movements of the Gothic revival and Greek revival emerged in northern Europe and were quickly exported to the Americas and Australia. The Greek revival movement was spurred by a newfound access to Greece and its ancient monuments in the mid-eighteenth century.
As part of the neoclassical movement, which was reacting against the highly ornamented rococo style, the goal of Greek revival architects was to return to "pure" forms. Yet many still desired some embellishment on their houses and buildings—so although the roots of the Gothic revival began around the same time and grew out of the same ethos, Gothic elements were at first only details incorporated into classical design. Only in the nineteenth century did the Gothic revival come into its own as a reaction against neoclassical design.
Organization: Organized by the National Gallery of Art, Washington.
Schedule: National Gallery of Art, May 16–November 15, 2009
Passes: Passes are not required for this exhibition.