Perino del Vaga
Perino was born in Florence in 1501 and moved to Rome in about 1516. He entered Raphael's workshop soon thereafter and seems to have served primarily as an assistant on the frescoes in the Loggia of the Vatican. After Raphael's death, Perino worked independently of the studio, which was under the control of Giulio Romano, but retained a strong connection with it. He quickly established himself as a specialist in fresco, executing paintings in the Vatican, private palaces, and several churches.
His growing success in Rome was abruptly curtailed in 1527 by the Sack of Rome, when the Holy Roman Emperor's soldiers invaded the city. As Rome's economy and its art market collapsed, Perino left to enter the service of Andrea Doria in Genoa, but by 1538 he had returned to a recovered Rome. He was soon established as the city's leading decorative painter, controlling a studio approaching the size and complexity of Raphael's thirty years earlier. Among his major commissions were decorative projects for Pope Paul III in his private apartments; the Vatican's main reception hall (the Sala Regia); and the Castel Sant'Angelo, which formed part of the Vatican's fortifications. His death in 1547 was, according to his biographer Giorgio Vasari, caused by overwork.