National Gallery of Art - EXHIBITIONS


CHRONOLOGY

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1853
March 30: Birth of Vincent Willem van Gogh in Zundert in the southern province of North Brabant, in the Netherlands, the eldest son of Theodorus van Gogh, a pastor of the Dutch Reformed church.

1857
Birth of Vincent's brother, Theo.

1869
Begins working at the Hague gallery of the French art dealers Goupil & Cie.

1872
First letters to Theo. Van Gogh will write about seven hundred of them until his death.

1873
Transferred to the London branch of Goupil.
First visit to Paris.

1875
Transferred to Paris.

1876
Dismissed by Boussod & Valadon, which succeeded Goupil & Cie. Becomes a teacher and then an assistant preacher in England.

1877
Moves to Amsterdam to study theology.

1878
Gives up his studies. Moves to the Borinage coal-mining region in the south of Belgium to do evangelical work.

1880
Decides to become an artist. Studies at the Brussels Academy for nine months.
Theo begins helping him financially.

1881
Moves to live with his parents in Etten in North Brabant.
In late November moves to The Hague to study with painter Anton Mauve.

1882
Liaison with prostitute Sien Hoornik.
First oil paintings.

1883
Breaks off with Sien.
Moves to the village of Nuenen, in North Brabant, to live with his parents.

1885
Death of his father.
Enrolls for a few months at the academy in Antwerp.

1886
Moves to Paris, where he lives with his brother.
Meets Toulouse-Lautrec and Gauguin.

1887
Organizes an exhibition of Japanese woodcuts at the Café du Tambourin.
Meets Seurat.

1888
In February, moves to Arles in Provence.
In October, Gauguin visits him.
During a mental breakdown (probably an epileptic seizure), Van Gogh cuts off his left earlobe.
His paintings are included in the Salon des Indépendants, Paris.

1889
Enters the asylum of Saint-Rémy as a voluntary patient.

1890
In January, sells his first picture.
First article devoted to his work (enthusiastic).
In May, moves to Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris.
July 27: Shoots himself in the chest; dies two days later.

1891
Death of Theo.

1892
First retrospective exhibition in the Netherlands.

1893
First publication of Vincent's letters.

1910
First biography, by Julius Meier-Graefe.

1913
Margaret E. F. Irwin, How Many Miles to Babylon?, first novel inspired by Van Gogh's life.

1935
First Van Gogh exhibition in the United States (Museum of Modern Art, New York).

1937
Irving Stone, Lust for Life: The Novel of Vincent van Gogh, best-seller on the life of Van Gogh.

1956
Lust for Life, first screen drama (by Vincente Minelli, starring Kirk Douglas), based on Stone's novel.

1973
Opening of the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.

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For more information about Van Gogh, go to the Van Gogh Information page.