Michele Giambono, Saint Peter, probably c. 1440, tempera on panel, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Samuel H. Kress Collection 1939.1.80

  Peter's birth name was Simon, but Christ gave him the name Peter, which means “rock,” because he was to be the rock on which the church would be built. Peter was the leader of the apostles and is often depicted carrying keys—the keys to the kingdom of heaven.

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