Introduction

Art Nouveau Timeline




The Art Nouveau style appeared in the early 1880s and was gone by the eve of the First World War. For a brief, brilliant moment, Art Nouveau was a shimmering presence in urban centers throughout Europe and North America. It was the style of the age--seen on public buildings and advertisements, inside private homes and outside street cafés--adorning the life of the city.

Art Nouveau was a response to the radical changes caused by the rapid urban growth and technological advances that followed the Industrial Revolution. This timeline establishes a counterpoint between major moments in the development of Art Nouveau and world events to provide a context for understanding the style's many and varied influences.

     

1853

U.S. Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry sails into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to the West.

 
 

1859

Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, published.

 
 

1871

France defeated in the Franco-Prussian War. Germany unified.

 
 

1874

First impressionist exhibition held in Paris.

 
 

England
Morris & Co. established, promoting arts and crafts movement.

1875

 
 

1879

Thomas Edison demonstrates the electric light.

 
 

1883

Construction begins on ten-story Home Insurance Building in Chicago, the first to use skyscraper engineering.

 
 

Brussels
Term "art nouveau" appears in print for the first time, describing the Belgian artists' group "Les XX."

1884

The first subway system opens in London.

 
 

1885

Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz invent the first automobile run by an internal combustion engine.

 
 

1889

The Eiffel Tower is built for the Paris World's Fair.

 
 

New York
Tiffany Glass and
Decorating Company established.

1892

 
 

Great Britain
Aubrey Beardsley design published in the first issue of the magazine The Studio.

Paris
Japanese prints exhibition organized by Siegfried Bing.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec paints Jane Avril at the Jardin de Paris.

Brussels
Victor Horta designs
the Tassel House.

Chicago
Columbian World's Fair;
Adler and Sullivan design the Transportation Building.

1893

Women win the right to vote in New Zealand, the first country to embrace female suffrage. In Belgium universal male suffrage is adopted.

 
 

Paris
Hector Guimard designs
Castel Béranger.

1894

Claude Debussy completes L'après-midi d'une faune.

 
 

Paris
Siegfried Bing opens his gallery/shop L'Art Nouveau.

Louis Comfort Tiffany exhibits at Bing's opening of L'Art Nouveau.

1895

The Lumière brothers screen the first moving picture--of workers leaving a factory.

 
 

Glasgow
Charles Rennie Mackintosh and
George Walton design
Buchanan Street tearooms.

Brussels
World's Fair: Henry van de Velde and Victor Horta show designs.

1897

 
 

Munich
United Workshops for Art in Handicraft founded.

Vienna
Josef Olbrich designs
Secession Building.

Gustav Klimt paints Pallas Athene.

Turin
Exhibition of Italian decorative arts.

1898

European and American troops are sent to quell the Boxer Rebellion in China.

 
 

London
South Kensington Museum becomes Victoria and Albert Museum.

Paris
Hector Guimard designs
Castel Henriette.

René Lalique designs Dragonfly woman corsage ornament.

1899

Thorstein Veblen, The Theory of the Leisure Class, published.

 
 

London
Charles Robert Ashbee and Charles Rennie Mackintosh exhibit to great acclaim at Eighth Secession Exhibition, Vienna.

Paris
Loïe Fuller Pavilion, Pavilion Bing, and other Art Nouveau designs triumph at the World's Fair.

Paris metro opens using Hector Guimard's Metro station entrances.

1900

Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams, published.

 
 

Nancy
Émile Gallé made first president of École de Nancy.

1901

Queen Victoria dies after sixty-three-year reign that saw vast expansion of British colonial rule.

 
 

1903

Americans Wilbur and Orville Wright make the first manned flight at Kitty Hawk.

Pierre and Marie Curie share Nobel Prize for discovery of radium.

 
 

1905

Albert Einstein develops the special theory of relativity.

Exhibition at Salon d'automne by artists dubbed "les fauves."

 
 

Barcelona
Antoní Gaudí designs Casa Milá.

1906

 
 

Chicago
Frank Lloyd Wright designs Robie House.

1907

 
 

Glasgow
Completion of Glasgow School of Art.

1909

 
 

Venice
Venice Biennale includes Gustav Klimt.

1910

 
 

Prague
Jan Kotêra founds the Union of Czech Artwork.

1913

Igor Stravinsky, Le sacre du printemps, performed.

 
 

Vienna
Vienna Workshops go into liquidation.

1914

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand triggers World War I.

     


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