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Pollock, George
American, 1762 - 1820
Biography
George Pollock (1762-1820) was the son of John Pollock, of Newry, County Down, Northern Ireland. George emigrated to America with his brothers, Carlile (1749-1806) and Hugh, and the three became merchants in New York. George and Carlile both married into the Yates family, prominent citizens in early America. George married Catherine Yates (c. 1760-1805), the daughter of Catherine Bras(s) Yates (?1736-?1797) and her husband Richard Yates, on 17 March 1787 after the death of his first wife. In 1792 Carlile married Catherine's sister Sophia. The Pollock and Yates families had adjoining country houses on the banks of the Hudson. Richard Yates was a merchant and importer; George Pollock became his business partner. The business suffered the loss of a number of ships between 1797 and 1801, and in 1803 George moved the family to New Orleans. The George Pollocks had a son, Carlile Pollock (1791-1845). The Yates/Pollock families were subjects of portraits by Gilbert Stuart, now in NGA: Mrs. Richard Yates (1940.1.4), Richard Yates (1942.8.29), Catherine Yates Pollock (1942.8.19) and this portrait of George Pollock (1942.8.18). George Pollock's sister, Anne Elizabeth (Betsy) Pollock (c. 1758), became the second wife of Dr. William Hartigan, surgeon and professor of anatomy at Trinity College, Dublin. A portrait believed to be of Dr. Hartigan was painted by Gilbert Stuart (1942.8.16). A portrait of Mrs. Hartigan now attributed to Carl von Breda, an artist who worked for a time in Joshua Reynold's studio, is also in the NGA (1942.8.15). [Compiled from sources and references recorded on CMS]
Bibliography
1883
Hayden, Horace Edwin. Pollock Genealogy. Harrisburgh, PA, 1883: 48
1927
"Gideon Carstang (168?-1759) and Some of His Descendants." New York Genealogical and Biographical Records 18 (July 1927): 221, 224-225
1995
Miles, Ellen G. American Paintings of the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1995: 183-184
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