in standard script on the base in underglaze blue in three vertical columns of two characters each: Da Qing Kangxi nian zhi (made in the Kangxi reign of the great Qing dynasty)
Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York; sold (possibly 1907) to Peter A. B. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; inheritance from Estate of Peter A. B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; gift 1942 to NGA.
- Loan Exhibition of Rare Chinese Porcelains in Aid of Various Charities, Duveen Brothers, New York, 1907, no. 333.
- Loan Exhibition of Rare Chinese Porcelains in Aid of Various Charities. Exh. cat. Duveen Brothers, New York, 1907: no. 333.
- Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 21.
- Bower, Virginia, Josephine Hadley Knapp, Stephen Little, and Robert Wilson Torchia. Decorative Arts, Part II: Far Eastern Ceramics and Paintings; Persian and Indian Rugs and Carpets. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1998: 61-64, color repro.
There is roughness in the glaze at the base of the petals that has existed from the time of manufacture.