falsely inscribed in seal script on the base in red enamel in two columns of two characters each: Qianlong nian zhi (made in the reign of Qianlong)
Harry G. Steele [1881-1942], Pasadena; his widow, Grace C. Steele [d. 1974]; gift 1972 to NGA.
- Bower, Virginia, Josephine Hadley Knapp, Stephen Little, and Robert Wilson Torchia. Decorative Arts, Part II: Far Eastern Ceramics and Paintings; Persian and Indian Rugs and Carpets. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1998: 257, color repro.
The bottle is covered by a shiny colorless glaze.