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Questioning Traditions

Many artists experiment with materials and techniques to create new forms of art.

Giuseppe Arcimboldo created imaginative “portraits” with the eye of a scientist in the 16th century. Johannes Vermeer studied light effects in timeless scenes set in 17th-century Holland, and Joseph Mallord William Turner pushed the painting of light and atmosphere to the edge of abstraction. A constant innovator, Pablo Picasso explored the expressive powers of color early in his career. The 20th century was filled with artists questioning and expanding the definition of art, from the surrealist vision of Joan Miró to the cubist still lifes of Diego Rivera, collage techniques of Romare Bearden, drip-and-splatter process of Jackson Pollock, and comic-book images of Roy Lichtenstein.

As you look at the different works in this chapter, think about the many ways an artist might be an innovator.

Giuseppe Arcimboldo

1526–1593

Italian

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Johannes Vermeer

1632–1675

Dutch

Download PDF (8MB)

Joseph Mallord William Turner

1775–1851

British

Download PDF (7MB)

Pablo Picasso

1881–1973

Spanish

Download PDF (11MB)

Joan Miró

1893–1983

Spanish

Download PDF (14MB)

Diego Rivera

1886–1957

Mexican

Download PDF (11MB)

Romare Bearden

1911–1988

American

Download PDF (9MB)

Jackson Pollock

1912–1956

American

Download PDF (19MB)

Roy Lichtenstein

1923–1997

American

Download PDF (8MB)

Paperback editions of An Eye for Art are available for purchase.

Overview

Download PDFs:

Edgar Degas (8MB)

Alexander Calder (6MB)

Dan Flavin (3MB)

Martin Puryear (6MB)