Master of the Castle, Italian, documented 1590–1620
Armor of Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy, Milan, c. 1606
etched and gilt steel
Patrimonio Nacional, Real Armería, Madrid

This armor was made for Emmanuel Philibert when he was about eighteen years old for tournament on horseback and on foot. The unknown Milanese armorer signed his works with a tiny castle on the neck of the breastplate. All parts of Emmanual Philibert’s armor are decorated with a repeating pattern of lozenges containing military trophies and palm leaves passing through a crown. Only traces remain of the original gilt finish of these motifs, which stood out against a darkened background that has also worn away.