Master of the Joseph Sequence, Netherlandish, active c. 1490–1505
Philip the Handsome, 1504–1506
oil on oak panel
Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels

The son of Maximilian, Philip was born in the Burgundian Netherlands (modern Belgium), which he had inherited from his mother. After his marriage in 1496 to Joanna ("the Mad"), daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, he became Philip I of Castile, the first Habsburg ruler in Spain. This portrait is the earliest known representation of an armor-clad king of Spain. Philip’s surcoat, worn under his coronation robe and over his armor, bears the arms of the Spanish kingdoms and Burgundy.