Italian, 16th Century
Shield of Philip II, Milan, c. 1560–1565 embossed, gold- and silver-damascened steel
Patrimonio Nacional, Real Armería, Madrid

The scene as the Roman conquest of Carthage in 146 BC depicted on the helmet, paralleled Charles V's victory over the Ottoman Turks at the North African port of Tunis, near ancient Carthage. Like the Romans and Carthaginians, the Habsburgs and Ottomans vied for control of the Mediterranean Sea.