Wire Sculpture
First Abstract Constructions
Early Mobiles / Biomorphic Forms
Panels, Frames, First Stabiles / Wood Sculpture
Mobiles / Maquettes
Late 1940s-1950s
Monumental Sculpture / Towers and Gongs
Post 1950


In 1944, following his first major retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, Calder decided to experiment with more traditional materials than those he was currently using. He made several works in plaster, which were then cast in bronze. A few of these incorporate movable parts (for example, Double Helix). As in the sheet metal sculpture and drawings shown elsewhere in the room, the curves and arabesques suggest animal and plant forms. Calder, however, was frustrated with the casting process, which involved several intermediaries between inception and the finished object. Moreover, as he wrote in his 1966 autobiography: "This was rather an expensive venture and did not sell very well, so I abandoned it for my previous technique."

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