Marching past onlookers into the conflict that would end slavery, were 1,000 black soldiers on parade -- the fifth African-American troop to be organized in the war between the states. Recruited from the Northeast, Midwest, and Canada by abolitionist leaders including Frederick Douglass, the regiment included Douglass' two sons Lewis and Charles, James Caldwell, the grandson of Sojourner Truth, and William H. Carney, the first African-American to win the Medal of Honor.

Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Shaw Memorial (detail), 1900, patinated plaster, U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site, Cornish, New Hampshire; Frederick Douglass (1817-1895), photograph, Library of Congress

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IntroductionThe ArtistHistorical BackgroundThe Memorial and Its ConservationThe ExhibitionTeaching Resources

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