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West Building Audio Tour: French Impressionist Paintings, 19th Century

Use your smartphone to explore a wide range of works through the voices of National Gallery of Art curators. Set your own pace by listening to as many stops as you like in the order you choose.

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To listen to information about a work of art, enter the stop number in the box below, select go, and press the play button when the stop appears. Please be mindful of other visitors and use headphones while listening to the audio tour.

  • Stop  165 
    Claude Monet  artist
    French, 1840 - 1926
    The Japanese Footbridge 

    This painting is part of a 12-canvas series that Claude Monet made during the summer of 1899. All the paintings feature the Japanese-style wooden footbridge that spanned a water lily basin—the centerpiece of the water garden Monet created at his home in Giverny—as viewed from the western bank of the pond. The 12 paintings are firmly rooted in japonisme, the then-contemporary vogue for all things Asian. Monet himself was an avid admirer of Japanese prints, which he collected throughout his life and displayed prominently in his home. 

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  • Stop  182 
    Auguste Renoir  artist
    French, 1841 - 1919
    A Girl with a Watering Can 

    Auguste Renoir’s colors reflect the freshness and radiance of the impressionist palette, while his handling is more controlled and regular than in his landscapes, with even brushstrokes applied in delicate touches, especially in the girl’s face. Brilliant prismatic hues envelop the child in an atmosphere of warm light and charmingly convey her innocent appeal. A similarly depicted child appears in other paintings by Renoir, suggesting she was a favorite figure whom the artist knew from real life. 

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  • Stop  210 
    Edouard Manet  artist
    French, 1832 - 1883
    The Old Musician 

    The Old Musician features a motley group of the urban poor of Paris: a ragpicker wearing a battered top hat, a turbaned man, three children, one of whom carries a baby, and a wandering musician. These characters are set against an undefined background that has been identified as a slum on the edge of Paris known as Little Poland. Édouard Manet’s choice to depict on such a grand scale the people who had been uprooted by the modernization of Paris under Baron Haussmann seems to introduce an element of social commentary. Yet the lack of interaction among the figures and the ambiguity of the setting deprive the painting of a conventional narrative, rendering its ultimate meaning opaque.

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  • Stop  211 
    Georges Seurat  artist
    French, 1859 - 1891
    The Lighthouse at Honfleur 

    The Lighthouse at Honfleur was conceived using Georges Seurat’s daring divisionist technique. This process entailed applying dabs of pure color on a canvas in order for the colors to mix optically when viewed from a distance. Drawing upon small preparatory studies made on panel outdoors, Seurat re-created the composition on a canvas in his Paris studio, where he then refined the technique by methodically applying smaller dots of pigment that represented a broader spectrum of colors. 

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  • Stop  218 
    Mary Cassatt  artist
    American, 1844 - 1926
    The Boating Party 

    In the winter of 1893–1894, Mary Cassatt traveled with her mother to Cap d’Antibes, a peninsula on the French Mediterranean coast. Inspired by the light and color of the local landscape, Cassatt painted this work. With its sharply cropped forms, tilted picture plane, and bird’s-eye perspective, the painting’s debt to Japanese woodblock prints—which Cassatt admired and collected—is undeniable. However, the flattened forms and harsh, acidic color palette are equally a response to the dazzling sun of the south, known to bathe everything in strong, even light. The boldly geometric quality of this composition seems at odds with its subject, resulting in a work of surprising intensity.

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  • Stop  179 
    Paul Cézanne  artist
    French, 1839 - 1906
    Still Life with Apples and Peaches 

    In a still life, each object, each placement, and each viewpoint represent a decision by the artist. Paul Cézanne painted the objects pictured here many times. The table, patterned cloth, and flowered pitcher were all props he kept in his studio. Here, the table tilts unexpectedly, defying traditional rules of perspective. Similarly, we see the pitcher in profile but are also allowed to look down into it. Over the course of days, he would move his easel, painting different objects—or even the same one—from different points of view. Each time, he painted what he saw. It was his absorption in the process of painting that pushed his work toward abstraction.

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  • Stop  170 
    Paul Cézanne  painter
    French, 1839 - 1906
    Boy in a Red Waistcoat 

    Depicting an Italian boy named Michelangelo di Rosa, this work is one of four devoted to this model that Paul Cézanne produced from 1888 to 1890. In each painting, the young man wears the same striking red vest, which introduces a bold accent into each of the otherwise muted compositions. While the loose brushwork and lack of shading give the work a modern appearance, the boy’s pensive demeanor and elegant pose—his weight shifted onto one leg with hips tilted, and one arm bent with hand resting on his waist—evoke Italian Renaissance portraits by artists whom Cézanne admired, lending a consciously timeless quality. 

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  • Stop  229 
    Edgar Degas  artist
    French, 1834 - 1917
    Four Dancers 

    Four Dancers represents the culmination of Edgar Degas’s lifelong fascination with the ballet. His largest, and arguably his last, great painting of the subject, it depicts four dancers adjusting their costumes before going on stage. For this composition, Degas drew upon numerous studies—produced in chalk, pastel, and even photography—of dancers in similar poses. It has been suggested that rather than depicting four different figures, Degas may have portrayed a single dancer as she moves through space, changing position and gesture as she goes. The overall palette of greens and fiery orange lends a dreamlike quality to the subject. 

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  • Stop  195 
    Paul Gauguin  artist
    French, 1848 - 1903
    Self-Portrait 

    This self-portrait, painted on a cupboard door from the dining room of an inn in the Breton hamlet Le Pouldu, France, is one of Paul Gauguin’s most important and radical paintings. His haloed head and disembodied right hand, a snake inserted between the fingers, float on amorphous zones of yellow and red. Elements of caricature add an ironic and aggressively ambivalent inflection. Gauguin’s friends called it an unkind character sketch.

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  • Stop  238 
    Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec  artist
    French, 1864 - 1901
    Marcelle Lender Dancing the Bolero in "Chilpéric" 

    Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec had a passion for theater in all its forms, and among his favorite subjects was the redheaded actress Marcelle Lender. During a three-month run of the operetta Chilpéric, he attended the show more than 20 times, arriving just to see Lender dance the bolero in the second act. He ultimately produced six lithographs and two paintings inspired by her appearance in Chilpéric, including this monumental canvas. Toulouse-Lautrec’s admiration was not reciprocated. “What a horrible man!” Lender is said to have remarked. “He is very fond of me. . . . But as for the portrait you can have it!”

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