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Inscription

center left: G.P.A. Healy. / 1876.

Provenance

John Wentworth [1815-1888], Chicago, from 1876; his daughter, the sitter, Roxana Atwater Wentworth [later Mrs. Clarence Winthrop Bowen, 1854-1935], New York; her daughter, Roxana Wentworth Bowen [later Mrs. William Stephen Van Rensselaer and Lady Gordon Vereker, 1895-1968], Valbonne, France; her estate; bequest 1970 to NGA.



Exhibition History
1985
Extended loan for use by Secretary George P. Shultz, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C., 1985-1989.
1989
Extended loan for use by Ambassador Henry A. Catto, U.S. Embassy residence, London, England, 1989-1991.
1991
Extended loan for use by Ambassador Raymond G. H. Seitz, U.S. Embassy residence, London, England, 1991-1994.
Bibliography
1980
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 173, repro.
1992
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 197, repro.
1996
Kelly, Franklin, with Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Deborah Chotner, and John Davis. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 298-300, color repro.
Technical Summary

The support is a 2 x 1 twill fabric that has been lined. The painting was apparently stretched on an out-of-square stretcher, since triangular remnants of the top and bottom tacking margins, visible through x-radiography, have been opened and incorporated into the painted surface. Over the smooth, off-white ground the design was roughed out in reddish brown paint. This lay-in is visible, using stereomicroscopy, beneath the brushstrokes in the upper paint layer of the leaves, the rose petals, and the background beyond the sitter's head. The same paint appears to have been thinned and used as a transparent imprimatura in the background. Except for the fleshtones, the picture is generally very thinly painted. There are low brushmarks in the dress, moderate impasto in the face, and dots of high impasto in the earring and collar. A very small amount of inpainting is located in the upper background and close to the bottom edge. The varnish has yellowed.