This statue is the sole surviving portion of a tomb monument planned to contain the hearts of King Henri IV and his queen Marie de' Medici at the Jesuit College at La Flèche in the Loire Valley in France. Remaining in the workshop of the royal sculptor Prieur after his death in 1610, the statue may have been completed by his son-in-law Guillaume Dupré. Carved with dimpled flesh and puckered drapery, the symbolic figure steps forward in a skintight doublet closed with ornate buttons. The sword in her left hand is a traditional attribute of Justice, and the olive branch in her right stands for Peace, understood to be closely connected.
Count de Montessay, Juvisy-dur-Orge (Seine-et-Oise); Jean Esprit Marcellin, Paris [1821-1884]. Edward M. Hodgkins, Paris; (sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 16 May 1927, no.71). (Duveen Brothers Inc., New York) by 1940; sold 1941 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1943 to NGA.
- Cortissoz, Royal. "Certain Figures in French Sculpture." New York Herald Tribune (5 January 1941): VI:8 (reprinted as Exh. cat., Duveen Galleries, New York, 1941).
- Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 201, repro., as Allegory of Victory by Germain Pilon.
- Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 441, repro., Allegory of Victory by Germain Pilon.
- Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 164, as Allegory of Victory by Germain Pilon.
- European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 145, repro., as Allegory of Victory by Germain Pilon.
- Middeldorf, Ulrich. Sculptures from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools XIV-XIX Century. London, 1976: 94, repro fig. 165-167.
- Bresc-Bautier, Geneviève. "Justice et Paix: Le tombeau de Christophe de Thou par Barthélemy Prieur." La revue du Louvre et des Musees de France 1 (February 1981): 10-18, repro.
- "People: Poet Among Us." Headquarters Intercom: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration (10 April 1990): repro.
- Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994: 177, repro.
- Norman Herz, Katherine A. Holbrow and Shelley G. Sturman. "Marble Sculture in the National Gallery of Art: a Provenance Study." In Max Schvoerer, ed. Archéomatériaux: marbres et autres roches: ASMOSIA IV, Bordeaux, France 9-13 october 1995: actes de la IVème Conférence international de l’Association pour l’étude des marbres et autres roches utilizes dans le passé. Talence, 1999: 101-110.