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Inscription

center reverse: 1539 / da duo gra serpe / Laocaonte ucciso-

Marks and Labels

Kann collection labels 16, 185; unnumbered extract in French from 19th century sale catalog, attributing the painting to "Xantho" (now in object folder, NGA Curatorial Records)

Provenance

Maurice Kann, Paris; (Duveen Brothers), 1908, as part of the Kann collection; purchased February 1910 by Peter A. B. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; inheritance from the Estate of Peter A. B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, 1942.

Exhibition History
1982
Sixteenth-Century Italian Maiolica; Selections from the Arthur M. Sackler Collection and the National Gallery of Art's Widener Collection, National Gllery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1982-1983, no. 54.
Technical Summary

Earthenware, covered front and back with a somewhat pockmarked off-white tin glaze. The painting is in blue, green, gray, yellow, orange, brown, black, and white, with reddish and orange-gold luster. There are two neat kiln-support marks on the front near the edge. The edge is severely chipped and the luster somewhat worn. There are minor patches of overpaint.

Bibliography
1935
Inventory of the Objects d'Art at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, The Estate of the Late P.A.B. Widener. Philadelphia, 1935: 62.
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 13, as Urbino (Francesco Xanto Avelli?), with Gubbio luster.
1982
NGA 1982-1983, no. 54.
1983
Wilson, Carolyn C. Renaissance Small Bronze Sculpture and Associated Decorative Arts at the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1983: 121, no. 4.
1988
Fiocco/Gherardi 1988-1989, 2:580.
1993
Distelberger, Rudolf, Alison Luchs, Philippe Verdier, and Timonthy H. Wilson. Western Decorative Arts, Part I: Medieval, Renaissance, and Historicizing Styles including Metalwork, Enamels, and Ceramics. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1993: 215-217, color repro. 216.
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