Possibly commissioned by Madame de Pompadour [née Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, 1721-1764], Paris, as a pendant to Le Dessin. Count Armand de Marcy de Louveciennes. Alfred Chatan, New York; purchased 1901 by William A. Clark [1839-1925], New York; bequest April 1926 to the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, as La Musique by François Boucher; acquired 2015 by the National Gallery of Art.
- The William A. Clark Collection, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 26 April - 16 July 1978, unnumbered catalogue.
- The William A. Clark Collection: Treasures of a Copper King, Yellowstone Art Center, Billings; Montana Historical Center, Helena, 1989, unnumbered checklist, repro, as Music.
- Carroll, Dana H. Catalogue of Objects of Fine Art and Other Properties at the Home of William Andrews Clark, 962 Fifth Avenue. Part I. Unpublished manuscript, n.d. (1925): 126, no. 57.
- Bancel, André. Jean-Baptiste Deshays, 1729-1765. Paris, 2008: 168, no. P.142, repro.