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Provenance

Probably Del Nero family, Florence, and, by descent, to Baron Cerbone Del Nero [1756-1816];[1] by inheritance to his widow, Ottavia Torrigiani [1758-1825], and her brother, Marquis Pietro Torrigiani [1773-1848], Palazzo Torrigiani (formerly Del Nero), Florence;[2] by inheritance to his son, Marquis Luigi Torrigiani [1804-1869], Palazzo Torrigiani;[3] by inheritance to one of his sons, probably Raffaele Torrigiani [1853-1927], Palazzo Torrigiani;[4] acquired by (Charles Fairfax Murray, London and Florence) on joint account with (Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd., London);[5] sold 1896 to Rodolphe Kann [1846-1905], Paris;[6] (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York) and (Nathan Wildenstein, Paris);[7] sold 1907 to J. Pierpont Morgan [1837-1913], New York;[8] by inheritance to his son, J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr. [1867-1943], New York; on consignment 1935 with (M. Knoedler & Co., New York and London);[9] purchased February 1935 by Andrew W. Mellon, Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C.; deeded 1 May 1937 to The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh;[10] gift 1937 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1917
Loan Exhibition of Italian Primitives, F. Kleinberger Galleries, New York, 1917, no. 21, repro.
1920
Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1920, unnumbered catalogue.
1923
Loan Exhibition of the Arts of the Italian Renaissance, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1923, no. 1.
1924
Loan Exhibition of Important Early Italian Paintings in the Possession of Notable American Collectors, Duveen Brothers, New York, 1924, no. 32 (no. 8 in illustrated 1926 version of catalogue).
1935
Fifteenth Century Portraits, M. Knoedler & Co., New York, 1935, no. 5, repro.
1936
The Twentieth Anniversary Exhibition of the Cleveland Museum of Art. The Official Art Exhibit of the Great Lakes Exposition, 1936, no. 118.
1979
Berenson and the Connoisseurship of Italian Painting, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1979, no. 110, repro.
2011
The Portrait in Renaissance Italy: From Masaccio to Bellini, Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2011-2012, no. 21, repro.

Bibliography

1900
Bode, Wilhelm von. Gemälde-sammlung des Herrn Rudolf Kann in Paris. Vienna, 1900: xxvi-xxvii, pl. 76.
1930
Valentiner, Wilhelm R., ed. Unknown Masterpieces in Public and Private Collections. London, 1930: n.p., pl. 11.
1937
Jewell, Edward Alden. "Mellon's Gift." Magazine of Art 30, no. 2 (February 1937): 73, 79, repro.
1941
Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941: no. 55, repro.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 157-158, no. 17, as by Antonio del Pollaiuolo.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 239, repro. 171, as by Antonio del Pollaiuolo.
1944
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 36, color repro., as by Antonio del Pollaiuolo.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 21, repro., as by Antonio del Pollaiuolo.
1951
Einstein, Lewis. Looking at Italian Pictures in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1951: 44-47, repro., as by Antonio del Pollaiuolo.
1956
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 18, repro., as by Pollaiuolo.
1957
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 61.
1963
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Florentine School. 2 vols. London, 1963: 1:47.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 299, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 24.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:38, color repro.
1968
Gandolfo, Giampaolo et al. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Great Museums of the World. New York, 1968: 27-28, color repro.
1968
National Gallery of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. Washington, 1968: 17, repro.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, MA, 1972: 7, 645.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 58, repro.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. Washington, 1979: 1:127-129; 2:pl. 88.
1979
Watson, Ross. The National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1979: 22, pl. 5.
1980
Ragghianti, Carlo L. “Galleria di Washington.” Critica d’Arte 45, nos. 154-156 (1980): 218, as by Botticelli.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 76, no. 24, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 77, repro.
1985
Mündler, Otto. "The Travel Diaries of Otto Mündler." Ed. Carol Togneri Dowd. Walpole Society 51 (1985): 132, 310.
1997
Boskovits, Miklós. “Studi sul ritratto fiorentino quattrocentesco – II.” Arte Cristiana 85, no. 782 (1997): 336-338, fig. 17, as by Piero del Pollaiuolo.
2003
Boskovits, Miklós, David Alan Brown, et al. Italian Paintings of the Fifteenth Century. The Systematic Catalogue of the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 2003: 588-595, color repro., as Attributed to Piero del Pollaiuolo.
2004
Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 18, no 11, color repro.
2004
Nuttall, Paula. From Flanders to Florence: The Impact of Netherlandish Painting, 1400-1500. New Haven and London, 2004: 214-215, fig. 231.
2005
Wright, Alison. The Pollaiuolo Brothers: The Arts of Florence and Rome. New Haven and London, 2005: 133, fig. 102.
2006
Fahy, Everett. "Early Italian paintings in Washington and Philadelphia." The Burlington Magazine 148, no. 1241 (August 2006): 539, as Attributed to Piero del Pollaiuolo.
2006
Körner, Hans. Botticelli. Cologne, 2006: 73, fig. 75.
2007
Tartuferi, Angelo. “I Pollaiolo agli Uffizi e oltre: osservazioni e proposte.” In Antonio Naldi and Angelo Tartuferi, eds. La stanza dei Pollaiolo: i restauri, una mostra, un nuovo ordinamento. Exh. cat. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, 2007: 21-22, 24, fig. 5, as by Piero del Pollaiuolo.
2009
Schumacher, Andreas, et al. Botticelli: Likeness, Myth, Devotion. Exh. cat. Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main, 2009: 27, fig. 13, as by Piero del Pollaiuolo (?).
2010
Tartuferi, Angelo. I Pollaiolo: la pittura. Florence, 2010: 16, 18, as by Piero del Pollaiuolo.
2011
Johnson, Ken. “Getting Personal.” New York Times 161, no. 55,628 (December 23, 2011): C27, C30, color repro.
2012
Butterfield, Andrew. "They Clamor for Our Attention." (Review of The Renaissance Portrait from Donatello to Bellini, Berlin and New York, 2011-2012.) The New York Review of Books 59, no. 4 (March 8, 2012): 10, color repro.
2015
Dunlop, Anne. Andrea del Castagno and the Limits of Painting. Turnhout, 2015: 28, 141 n. 10, 147 n. 83, 2-3, fig. 6.
2015
Tonkovich, Jennifer. “Discovering the Renaissance: Pierpont Morgan’s Shift to Collecting Italian Old Masters.” In Inge Reist, ed. A Market for Merchant Princes: Collecting Italian Renaissance Paintings in America (The Frick Collection Studies in the History of Art Collecting in America, 2). University Park, PA, 2015: 43.
2016
Madersbach, Lukas. "'fatto alla spera'? Das Porträt des Leon Battista Alberti aus den Orti Oricellari." Mitteilungen des Kunsthistorischen Institutes in Florenz 58, no. 3 (2016, published February 2017): 319-347, esp. 337 fig. 16.
2017
Schumacher, Andreas, ed. Florentiner Malerei. Alte Pinakothek: Die Gemälde des 14. bis 16. Jahrhunderts. Munich, 2017: 322, 323, 324, fig. 19.4, as by Andrea del Castagno or Piero del Pollaiuolo.
2019
Zambrano, Patrizia. "Sandro Botticelli and the birth of modern portraiture." In Ana Debenedetti and Caroline Elam, eds. Botticelli Past and Present. London, 2019: 11-13, 15, fig. 1.2, as by Piero del Pollaiuolo.
2023
Tartuferi, Angelo. “Piero del Pollaiolo, Sant’Antonino ai piedi del Crocifisso: una nuova leggibilità per un capolavoro d’arte e di devozione.” Quaderni del Museo di San Marco, no. 5 (2023): 26, 36, fig. 7, as by Piero del Pollaiuolo.

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