Commissioned by the sitter's father, Moses Hunter [1753-1798], Martinsburg, West Virginia, then Virginia; by inheritance to his wife, Anne Stephen Dandridge Hunter [1752-1834]; by inheritance to her granddaughter, Anne Stephen Hunter Weeks [1819-1896, Mrs. Alfred Conrad Weeks], Martinsburg, St. Mary's Parish, Louisiana, and Washington; by inheritance to her son, Beverley Warner Weeks [1862-1924], Fernandina, Florida; by inheritance to his daughters, Frances Washington Weeks [1891-1979], Washington, and Nancy Hunter Weeks [1898-1960]; gift 18 July 1960 to the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington; acquired 2016 by the National Gallery of Art.
- A Century and a Half of American Painting, A Special Exhibition on Loan from the The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Dulin Gallery of Art, Knoxville, 3 April - 13 May 1963, no. 1.
- Charles Peale Polk, 1776-1822: A Limner and His Likenesses, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington; Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, Virginia; Dayton Art Institute; Hunter Museum of Art, Chattanooga; Heritage Plantation of Sandwich, Massachusetts, 18 July 1981 - 15 October 1982, no. 116, repro., as Moses Theodore Hunter.
- Three American Families: A Tradition of Artistic Pursuit, Whitney Museum of American Art at Philip Morris, New York; Whitney Museum at Fairfied County, Connecticut, 8 September 1983 - 11 January 1984.
- The Peale Family: Creation of an American Legacy, 1770-1870, Philadelphia Museum of Art; M.H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1996-1997, unnumbered checklist.
- Phillips, Dorothy W. A Catalogue of the Collection of American Paintings in The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Vol. 1: Painters born before 1850. Washington, 1966: 36.
- Cash, Sarah, ed. Corcoran Gallery of Art: American Paintings to 1945. Washington, 2011: 313, repro.