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Sarah Greenough, “Alfred Stieglitz/Before the Smithy's/1890, printed 1895/1896,” Alfred Stieglitz Key Set, NGA Online Editions, (accessed December 05, 2022).

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Key Set Entry

Related Key Set Photographs

  • Alfred Stieglitz
    Before the Tavern
    1890, printed 1895/1896
    platinum print
    Key Set Number 67


Stieglitz submitted this image to The Amateur Photographer’s “Travelling Studentship Competition” as The Village Black. The journal notes: “all the negatives are un-retouched, and no cloud negatives are used. They have been taken with a Steinheil Aplanat. The plates used include Obernetter, Eosine, Schlenssn, Perulz (eosine), and Lumière. The developers have been pyro and soda and iron, and the whole of the prints have been produced in platinotype” (The Amateur Photographer 12 [18 July 1890], 41).

Other Collections

A print corresponding with this photograph can also be found in the following collection(s):

Hochschulbibliothek, Hochschule der Künst, Berlin

Wm. B. Becker Collection [lantern slide]

Lifetime Exhibitions

A print from the same negative—perhaps a photograph from the Gallery’s collection—appeared in the following exhibition(s) during Alfred Stieglitz’s lifetime:

1891, Vienna (no. 492, as Vor der Schmiede)
1891, New York, Fourth Annual Joint Exhibition (no. 318, as Before the Smithy’s)
1891, New York (no. 234, as Before the Smithy’s)
1892, Boston (no. 322, as The Village Smithy)
1893, New York (no. 241, as The Smithy’s)
1893, Philadelphia (no. 520, as Before the Village Smithy)

Lifetime Publications

A reproduction of this work appeared in the following publication(s) during Alfred Stieglitz’s lifetime:

“Some Examples of the Work of Alfred Stieglitz, Amateur Photographer,” Frank Leslie’s Weekly 74 (3 March 1892): 76 (ill., The Village Smithy)


by Alfred Stieglitz, on interleaving tissue, upper right, in graphite: Before the Smithy's / 1890


Georgia O'Keeffe; gift to NGA, 1949.

Associated Names
O'Keeffe, Georgia
Greenough, Sarah. Alfred Stieglitz: The Key Set: The Alfred Stieglitz Collection of Photographs. Washington, 2002: vol. 1, cat. 68.
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