incised on underside of base: 55
The artist, Birmingham; purchased 1987 by William S. Arnett [1939-2020], Atlanta; gift 2012 to Souls Grown Deep Foundation, Atlanta; acquired 2020 by NGA through a gift/purchase agreement.
- Souls Grown Deep: African American Vernacular Art of the South, Michael G. Carlos Museum at City Hall East, Atlanta, 1996.
- Outliers and American Vanguard Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington; High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 2018-2019.
- Arnett, Paul, and William Arnett. Souls grown deep : African American vernacular art of the South. 2 vols. Atlanta, 2000-2001.