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Provenance

James-Alexandre, comte de Pourtalès-Gorgier [1776-1855], Paris, by 1841;[1] (Pourtalès-Gorgier sale, Paris, 27 March-4 April 1865, 1st day, no. 87, as by Masaccio [sale began February 6; sale of paintings began March 27]); Henri-Joseph-François, baron de Triqueti [1804-1874], Paris;[2] by inheritance to his daughter, Mme Lee-Childe, baronne de Triqueti, Paris; (Triqueti sale, Paris, 4 May 1886, no. 4). ("a Paris expert's junk shop").[3] Baron Arthur de Schickler [1828-1919], Paris, and Martinvast, Normandy (near Cherbourg); by inheritance to his daughter, Marguerite, Comtesse Hubert de Pourtalès [1870-1956], Paris, and Martinvast, Normandy; sold June 1920 to (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, and New York) in part-share agreement with (Wildenstein & Co., Inc., New York) and (Arnold Seligmann & Co., Paris);[4] on approval to Carl W. Hamilton [1886-1967], New York, by 1920, and returned 1921;[5] Clarence H. Mackay [1874-1938], Roslyn, New York, by 1924 until at least the mid-1930s;[6] (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York); purchased 15 December 1936 by The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh;[7] gift 1937 to NGA.

Exhibition History

1924
Loan Exhibition of Important Early Italian Paintings in the Possession of Notable American Collectors, Duveen Brothers, New York, 1924, no. 19 (no. 13 in illustrated 1926 version of catalogue).
1929
Loan Exhibition of Primitives, M. Knoedler & Co., New York, 1929, no. 5.
1930
Exhibition of Italian Art 1200-1900, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1930, no. 133a in 4th ed. of catalogue (no. 231 in commemorative catalogue published 1931; not in 1st ed. of catalogue or souvenir catalogue).
1935
Fifteenth Century Portraits, M. Knoedler & Co., New York, 1935, no. 11, repro.
2015
The Botticelli Renaissance (Berlin title) / Botticelli Re-Imagined (London title), Staatliche Museen zu Berlin; Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2015-2016, no. 163, repro. (painting lent to exhibition in Tokyo between Berlin and London venues).
2016
Botticelli and His Time, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, 2016 (painting withdrawn a month early for loan to exhibition in London).

Bibliography

1841
Dubois, Léon-Jean-Joseph. Description des tableaux faisant partie des collections de M. le Comte de Pourtalès-Gorgier. Paris, 1841: 4, as by Masaccio.
1869
Crowe, Joseph Archer, and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle. Geschichte der italienischen Malerei. 6 vols. Leipzig, 1869-1876: 3(1870):178.
1886
Crowe, Joseph Archer, and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle. Storia della pittura in Italia dal secolo II al secolo XVI. 11 vols. Florence, 1886-1908: 6(1894):298-299.
1903
Crowe, Joseph Archer, and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle. A History of Painting in Italy. 6 vols. Ed. Robert Langton Douglas (vols. 1-4) and Tancred Borenius (vols. 5-6). London, 1903-1914: 2(1911):269.
1905
Reinach, Salomon. Répertoire de peintures du moyen âge et de la Renaissance (1280-1580). 6 vols. Paris, 1905-1923: 6(1923):44, repro.
1911
Mireur, Hippolyte. Dictionnaire des ventes d’art faites en France et à l’étranger pendant les XVIIIme & XIXme siècles. 7 vols. Paris, 1902-1912: 3(1911):152, as by Botticelli. 5(1911):106, as by Masaccio.
1921
Berenson, Bernard. “A Botticelli Portrait in the Collection of Mr. Carl W. Hamilton.” Art in America 10, no. 1 (December 1921): 26-30, repro.
1923
Marle, Raimond van. The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting. 19 vols. The Hague, 1923-1938: 12(1931): 145-146.
1924
Offner, Richard. “A Remarkable Exhibition of Italian Paintings.” The Arts 5, no. 5 (May 1924): 248.
1925
Valentiner, Wilhelm R. “The Clarence H. Mackay Collection.” International Studio 81, no. 339 (August 1925): 18, 335, 342-343, repro.
1925
Venturi, Adolfo. Botticelli. Rome, 1925: 51.
1925
Yashiro, Yukio. Sandro Botticelli. 3 vols. London and Boston, 1925: 1:47-48. 3:pl. 204.
1926
Fry, Roger E. “Sandro Botticelli.” The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 48, no. 227 (April 1926): 199.
1926
Valentiner, Wilhelm R. The Clarence H. Mackay Collection. New York, 1926: 1, 3-4, no. 4, repro.
1927
Venturi, Adolfo. Botticelli. London, 1927: 56-57, pl. 89.
1929
Cortissoz, Royal. "The Clarence H. Mackay Collection." International Studio 94 (1929): 33, repro.
1929
Singleton, Esther. Old World Masters in New World Collections. New York, 1929: 62, repro.
1929
Yashiro, Yukio. Sandro Botticelli and the Florentine Renaissance. London and Boston, 1929: 49, 243, no. 30, pl. 81.
1930
Waldmann, Emil. “Die Italienische Austellung in der Royal Academy, London.” Kunst und Künstler 28 (1930): 246, repro.
1932
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932: 104.
1933
Venturi, Lionello. Italian Paintings in America. 3 vols. New York and Milan, 1933: 2:pl.252.
1936
Berenson, Bernard. Pitture italiane del rinascimento. Milan, 1936: 90.
1936
Gamba, Carlo. Botticelli. Milan, 1936: 164-165, fig. 138.
1937
Comstock, Helen. “The Mellon Collection: A National Art Gallery for America.” Connoisseur 99 (February 1937): 140, repro.
1937
Cortissoz, Royal. An Introduction to the Mellon Collection. Boston, 1937: 16-17.
1937
Jewell, Edward Alden. "Mellon's Gift." Magazine of Art 30, no. 2 (February 1937): 79, repro.
1938
Mesnil, Jacques. Botticelli. Paris, 1938: 226.
1941
Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941: no. 101, repro.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 28, no. 19.
1941
Richter, George M. “The New National Gallery in Washington.” The Burlington Magazine 78 (June 1941): 177.
1942
Bettini, Sergio. Botticelli. Milan, 1942: 31-32.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 239, repro. 76.
1949
Paintings and Sculpture from the Mellon Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1949 (reprinted 1953 and 1958): 20, repro.
1951
Einstein, Lewis. Looking at Italian Pictures in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1951: 44 n. 1.
1952
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Great Paintings from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1952: 22, color repro.
1955
Pucci, Emilio. Botticelli nella opera e nella vita del suo tempo. Milan, 1955: 239.
1957
Chastel, André. Botticelli. Milan, 1957: 3.
1958
Salvini, Roberto. Tutta la pittura del Botticelli, 2 vols. Milan, 1958: 2:17, 44, pl. 24.
1963
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Florentine School. 2 vols. London, 1963: 1:38.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 300, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 17.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:50, color repro.
1966
Dalli Regoli, Gigetta. Lorenzo di Credi. Florence, 1966: 41 n. 5.
1967
Mandel, Gabriel. The Complete Paintings of Botticelli. Milan and New York, 1967: 98.
1968
Gandolfo, Giampaolo et al. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Great Museums of the World. New York, 1968: 28-29, color repro.
1968
National Gallery of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. Washington, 1968: 10, repro.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, MA, 1972: 34, 645.
1975
De Logu, Giuseppe, and Guido Marinelli. Il ritratto nella pittura italiana. 2 vols. Bergamo, 1975: 1:160.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 36, repro.
1976
Ettlinger, Leopold D., and Helen S. Ettlinger. Botticelli. London, 1976: 171.
1976
Fowles, Edward. Memories of Duveen Brothers. London, 1976: 103.
1978
Lightbown, Ronald. Botticelli: Life and Work. 2 vols. Berkeley, CA, 1978: 1:114, pl. 43. 2:78-79, cat. B67.
1979
Morse, John D. Old Master Paintings in North America: Over 3000 Masterpieces by 50 Great Artists. New York, 1979: 28.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. Washington, 1979: 1:79-80; 2:pl. 52.
1980
De Angelis, Rita. Boticelli: Every Painting. Milan and New York, 1980: 64.
1980
Waterhouse, Ellis K. “Review. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings by Fern Rusk Shapley.” The Burlington Magazine 122, no. 930 (September 1980): 637.
1983
Castelfranchi Vegas, Liana. Italia e Fiandra nella pittura del Quattrocento. Milan, 1983: 197.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 97, no. 61, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 55, repro.
1986
Simpson, Colin. Artful Partners: Bernard Berenson and Joseph Duveen. New York, 1986: 153.
1987
Samuels, Ernest, and Jayne Newcomer. Bernard Berenson: The Making of a Legend. Cambridge, MA, and London, 1987: 284.
1988
Baldini, Umberto. Botticelli. Florence, 1988: 177, 291-292, repro.
1989
Lightbown, Ronald. Botticelli: Life and Work. Milan, 1989: 210, 213, pl. 83.
1989
Pons, Nicoletta. Botticelli: catalogo completo. Milan, 1989: 74, cat. 73
1990
Caneva, Caterina. Botticelli: catalogo completo dei dipinti. Florence, 1990: 105, repro.
1992
Testi Cristiani, Maria Laura. Botticelli. Paris, 1992: 48, fig. 28.
1993
Deimling, Barbara. Sandro Botticelli, 1444/5-1510. Cologne, 1993: 75.
1996
Castelfranchi Vegas, Liana. L’arte del Quattrocento in Italia e in Europa. Milan, 1996: 211.
1996
Tansey, Richard G. and Fred S. Kleiner. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. 10th ed. Fort Worth, 1996: 719-720, color fig. 21.56.
1998
Capretti, Elena. Botticelli. Florence, 1998: 28, 43, repro.
2000
Wright, Alison. “The Memory of Faces: Choices in Portraiture.” In Giovanni Ciappelli and Patricia Lee Rubin, eds. Art, Memory, and Family in Renaissance Florence. Cambridge, 2000: 91, fig. 12.
2003
Boskovits, Miklós, David Alan Brown, et al. Italian Paintings of the Fifteenth Century. The Systematic Catalogue of the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 2003: 176-180, color repro.
2003
Secherre, Helene. “The Dubois and Fauchet Collections: The Connoisseurship of Italian Primitives in Paris at the time of the First Empire.” Apollo 157 (2003): 21-22, repro.
2005
Cecchi, Alessandro. Botticelli. Milan, 2005: 268, repro.
2005
Zöllner, Frank. Botticelli. Munich, London, and New York, 2005: 234, cat. 56.
2006
Körner, Hans. Botticelli. Cologne, 2006: 96, fig. 100.
2009
Acidini, Cristina, William Dello Russo, and Federico Poletti. Botticelli nel suo tempo. Milan, 2009: 168, 210, 277, repro.
2009
Francini, Antonella. “Herbert Horne and an English ‘Fable’ for Botticelli.” In Rab Hatfield, ed. Sandro Botticelli and Herbert Horne: New Research. Florence and Syracuse, NY, 2009: 236, fig. 6.9.
2011
Christiansen, Keith, and Stefan Wepplemann, eds. The Renaissance Portrait from Donatello to Bellini. Exh. cat. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, 2011: 99, 144.
2014
Hoff, Michael. Andacht und Identität: Zur Darstellung Christi in der Malerei der Florentiner Frührenaissance. Marburg, 2014: 115, fig. 61.
2019
Zambrano, Patrizia. "Sandro Botticelli and the birth of modern portraiture." In Ana Debenedetti and Caroline Elam, eds. Botticelli Past and Present. London, 2019: 19.
2021
Debenedetti, Ana. Botticelli: Artist and Designer. London, 2021: 211 n. 35.
2021
Gianeselli, Matteo. “Sandro Botticelli et la France du XIX2 siècle: musées et collectioneurs.” In Ana Debenedetti and Pierre Curie, eds. Botticelli, artiste & designer. Exh. cat. Musée Jacquemart-André, Paris, 2021: 58.
2022
Acidini, Cristina. Botticelli. Pisa, 2022: 177, repro.

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