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Sarah Greenough, “Alfred Stieglitz/Paul Haviland/1914,” Alfred Stieglitz Key Set, NGA Online Editions, (accessed January 28, 2023).

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Key Set Entry

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Paul Burty Haviland, the French-born son of the director of the Haviland china company in Limoges, was one of Stieglitz’s most important supporters and co-workers at 291. He first visited 291 in 1908 to see the Rodin exhibition and later served as an associate editor of Camera Work. His close connections with the Parisian art community helped facilitate several exhibitions including the 1911 Picasso show. Inspired by Stieglitz and others, he also learned how to photograph. Shortly before Haviland returned to France in 1915, Stieglitz wrote: “if 291 as it stands to-day means anything to any one it is because Paul B. Haviland at a critical time, then but a comparative stranger to me, felt the desire intensely enough to create an opportunity for me to work” (Stieglitz to Paul Haviland, 27 January 1915, private collection, copy in NGA files).

The painting in the background of this photograph and Key Set numbers 390 and 391 is probably Fortification (location unknown) by Haviland’s brother Frank Burty Haviland, shown in “Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings by Frank Burty, of Paris,” at 291 from 6 April to 6 May 1914.

Stieglitz Collections

A corresponding print was given to the following institution(s) by Alfred Stieglitz during his lifetime, or was received or acquired from the estate:

Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, YCAL MSS 85, box 124, folder 2477 (inscribed: Exhibition 1921 / Paul Haviland 1912?)

Other Collections

A print corresponding with this photograph can also be found in the following collection(s):

Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1969-83-28

Lifetime Exhibitions

A print from the same negative—perhaps a photograph from the Gallery’s collection—appeared in the following exhibition(s) during Alfred Stieglitz’s lifetime:

1921, New York (no. 26, as Paul B. Haviland, 1913)
1944, Philadelphia (no. 27, as Portrait of Paul Haviland, 1913)


by Georgia O'Keeffe, on mount, lower left verso, in graphite: 50 C


Georgia O'Keeffe; gift to NGA, 1949.

Associated Names
O'Keeffe, Georgia
Exhibition History
Photographs by Alfred Stieglitz, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, February 3–May 8, 1983; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, June 17–August 14, 1983; The Art Institute of Chicago, October 18, 1983–January 3, 1984
Group Portrait: The First American Avant-Garde, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC, May 10–October 27, 1991
Homer, William Innes. Alfred Stieglitz and the American Avant-Garde. Boston, 1977: fig. 23.
Greenough, Sarah, and Juan Hamilton. Alfred Stieglitz: Photographs and Writings. Washington, 1983: no. 52.
Greenough, Sarah. Alfred Stieglitz: The Key Set: The Alfred Stieglitz Collection of Photographs. Washington, 2002: vol. 1, cat. 389.
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