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Abbot Jacques Coëne [d. 1542], Marchiennes. (Annesley Gore, London), by January 1923.[1] (Kunsthandel AG Lucerne); acquired October 1923 by (F. Kleinberger Galleries, Inc., New York and Paris);[2] sold 10 December 1923 to Albert J. Kobler [d. 1936], New York; by inheritance to Mrs. Albert J. [Mignon Sommers] Kobler;[3] by inheritance to her sons, John Kobler, Weston, Connecticut, and Jason S. Kobler, New York; consigned 18 June 1946 and sold 16 October 1947 to (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris);[3] purchased 1949 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[4] gift 1952 by exchange to NGA.

Exhibition History

Loan Exhibition of Flemish Primitives, F. Kleinberger Galleries, New York, 1929, no. 85.
An Exhibition of Flemish Paintings, Duveen Art Galleries, New York, 1946, no. 16.
Bernard van Orley: Brussels and the Renaissance, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, 2019.

Technical Summary

The painting is in very good condition with only small scattered retouchings and a large, repainted loss in the upper left sky. With the possible exception of the bottom edge, the panel has been cut down slightly at the edges, so that portions of the design and barbe are missing. The paint surface narrows on the sides 10 cm from the bottom, suggesting that the frame was irregularly shaped. Examination with infrared reflectography reveals extensive underdrawing throughout the figures and architecture. There are numerous minor changes in the figures; the small square windows were originally drawn larger and arched. The painting was cleaned and restored in 1949.


Vollmer, Hans. "Orley, Bernart van." In Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. 37 vols. Edited by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 26(1932):49.
Friedländer, Max J. Die altniederländische Malerei 14 vols.,1924-1937. Berlin, 1930: 8:86, 87, 167, no. 90, pls. 74-76 (English ed., 14 vols., 1967-1976. Leiden, 1972: 8:54,55, 103, no. 90, pl. 88.)
Burrows, Carlyle. "Exhibition of Flemish Primitive Painting." Parnassus 1 (November 1929): 9.
"Flemish Show Opens Today at Kleinbergers." Art News 28 (26 October 1929): 12, nos. 85, 86.
"Partial List of Flemish Primitives in Kleinberger Show." Art News 28 (12 October 1929): 5.
Lavalleye, Jacques. "Le Style du peintre Bernard van Orley." In Bernard van Orley 1488-1541. Brussels, 1943: 46.
Baldass, Ludwig. "Die Entwicklung des Bernart van Orley." Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses (Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien) N.F. 13 (1944): 145.
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1945-1951. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951: 200, no. 88, repro.
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 287, repro.
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 98.
National Gallery of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. Washington, 1968: 86, repro.
Osten, Gert von der, and Horst Vey. Painting and Sculpture in Germany and the Netherlands 1500 to 1600. Harmondsworth, 1969: 145.
Gelder, J. G. van. "Scorel, Mor, Bellegambe und Orley in Marchiennes." Oud Holland 87 (1973): 171-172, figs. 16-18.
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 256, repro. 257.
Eisler, Colin. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools Excluding Italian. Oxford, 1977: 81-82, fig. 77.
Farmer, John David. "Bernard van Orley of Brussels." Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1981: 49, 61, 63-65, 68-69, 79, 338, no. 90, figs. 19-21.
Abrams, Richard I. and Warner A. Hutchinson. An Illustrated Life of Jesus, From the National Gallery of Art Collection. Nashville, 1982.
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 130, no. 123, color repro.
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 294, repro.
Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 1986: 216-223, color repro. 217.

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