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Provenance

Possibly Jacques Amelot du Quillou, marquis de Mauregard [1602-1688, later marquis de Gournay], by c. 1668.[1] possibly Henri de Guénégaud de Fresne, marquis de Plancy et de Guercheville, comte de Montbrison [1609-1676].[2] possibly marquis de Lassay; (his sale, Joullain fils, Paris, 22 May 1775, no. 43).[3] George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd duke of Sutherland [1786-1861], Stafford House, London;[4] by inheritance to his son, George Granville William Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd duke of Sutherland [1828-1892], Stafford House; Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th duke of Sutherland [1851-1913], Stafford House; (his estate sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 11 July 1913, no. 34); (Thos. Agnew and Sons, Ltd., London); sold 14 July 1913 to the Dowager Duchess Sutherland [presumably the 4th Duke's widow]; Trustees of the 4th duke of Sutherland; sold 7 January 1948 to (Thos. Agnew and Sons, Ltd., London); sold 5 May 1949 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[5] gift 1952 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1938
Seventeenth-Century Art in Europe. (Exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts.) London, 1938: 55-56.
1947
Loan Exhibition of French Painting of the xviith Century. (Exh. cat. Wildenstein & Co.) London, 1947: no. 33.
1950
Le dessin français de Fouquet à Cézanne. (Exh. cat. Orangerie.) Paris, 1950: under no. 32.
1958
Age of Louis xiv. (Exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts.) London, 1958: no. 280.
1982
Rosenberg, Pierre. La peinture française du xvii e siècle dans les collections américaines. (Exh. cat. Galeries nationales du Grand Palais; Metropolitan Museum of Art; and Art Instituteof Chicago.) Paris, 1982. English ed., France in the Golden Age: Seventeenth-Century French Paintings in American Collections. New York, 1982: 371.
1994
Rosenberg, Pierre, and Louis-Antoine Prat. Nicolas Poussin 1594 – 1665. (Exh. cat. Galeries nationales du Grand Palais.) Paris, 1994: 20, 397-402, no. 173.
1995
Verdi, Richard, et al. Nicolas Poussin 1594-1665. (Exh. cat. Royal Academy of Arts.) London, 1995: 14, 46, 194-195, 263-265, no. 60.
1996
France in the Golden Age. (Exh. cat. Walpole Gallery.) London, 1996: under no. 21.
1996
Obras Maestras de la National Gallery of Art de Washington, Museo Nacional de Antropología, Mexico City, 1996-1997, unnumbered catalogue, 54-55, color repro.
1999
A Painting in Focus: Nicolas Poussin's `Holy Family on the Steps', The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1999-2000, pl. 5.
Bibliography
1666
Félibien, André. Entretiens sur les vies et sur les ouvrages des plus excellens peintres anciens et modernes. 6 vols. 1st ed. Paris, 1666 – 1688. Reprint Trévoux, 1725: 4, 59.
1699
Le Comte, Florent. Cabinet des singularitez d’architecture, peinture, sculpture et gravure ou, Introduction à la connoissance des plus beaux arts, figures sous les tableaux, les statués, & les estampes. 3 vols. Paris, 1669 – 1700. 2nd ed. 1702: 3:36.
1783
Cambry, Jacques de. Essai sur la vie et sur les tableaux du Poussin. 2nd ed. Paris, 1783: 53.
1829
Smith, John. A Catalogue raisonné of the works of the most eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French painters. 9 vols. London, 1829 – 1842. 8:41, no. 78.
1844
Jameson, Anna Brownell. Companion to the Most Celebrated Private Galleries of Art in London: The Collection of the Duke of Sutherland at Stafford House, styled The Sutherland Gallery. London, 1844: 41, no. 78.
1854
Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Treasures of Art in Great Britain: Being an Account of the Chief Collections of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Illuminated Manuscripts. 3 vols. London, 1854: 2:66.
1863
Andresen, Andreas. Nicolaus Poussin, Verzeichniss der nach seinen Gemälden gefertigten, gleichzeitigen und späteren Kupferstiche. Leipzig, 1863: 39, no. 135.
1877
Guiffrey, J. Jules. “Testement et inventaire des biens, tableaux, dessins, planches de cuivre, bijoux, etc. de Claudine Bouzonnet-Stella rédigés et écrits par elle-meme 1693 – 1697.” Nouvelles archives de l’art français 5 (1877): 30, no. 40.
1884
Bonnaffé, Edmond. Dictionnaire des amateurs français au xvii e siècle. Paris, 1884: 16.
1907
Friedlaender, Walter. "Nicolas Poussin." In Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. 37 vols. Edited by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 27(1933): 325.
1909
Rouart, Louis. “Un tableau du Poussin.” Bulletin de la Société de l’Histoire de l’Art Français 1908 (1909): 92 – 93.
1914
Friedlaender, Walter. Nicolas Poussin. Die Entwicklung seiner Kunst. Munich, 1914: 92, 119.
1914
Grautoff, Otto. Nicolas Poussin: sein Werk und sein Leben. 2 vols. Munich and Leipzig, 1914: 1:269-270, 2:no. 131.
1914
Magne, Emile. Nicolas Poussin: premier peintre du roi, 1594 – 1665. Brussels, 1914: 213, no. 241.
1938
Blunt, Anthony. “Blake’s Ancient of Days. The Symbolism of the Compasses.” Journal of the Warburg Institute 2, no. 1 (July 1938): 55-56.
1938
Borenius, Tancred. “French School at Burlington House.” The Burlington Magazine 72 (Feb. 1938): 63.
1939
Friedlaender, Walter, and Anthony Blunt, eds. The Drawings of Nicolas Poussin: Catalogue Raisonné Studies of the Warburg Institute. 5 vols. London, 1939 – 1974: 1(1939):20, 22, C1, 25, 26, 27, 28.
1939
Weigert, Roger-Armand. Bibliothèque nationale: inventaire du fonds français — graveurs du xvii e siècle. 4 vols. Paris, 1939 – 1961: 2:81, no. 12.
1948
Bertin-Mourot, Thérese." Addenda au catalogue de Grautoff depuis 1914." Bulletin de la Société Poussin 2, no. 2 (Dec. 1948): 47, no. X.
1948
Jamot, Paul. Connaissance de Poussin. Paris, 1948: 95, no. 139.
1951
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1945-1951. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951: 218, no. 97, repro., as by Poussin.
1952
Frankfurter, Alfred M. "Interpreting Masterpieces: Twenty-four Paintings from the Kress Collection." Art News Annual 16 (1952): 116-117, repro. 119
1954
Blunt, Anthony. Art and Architecture in France: 1500 to 1700. London and Baltimore, 1954: 191-192.
1954
Licht, F. S. Die Entwicklung der Landschaft in den Werken von Nicolas Poussin. Berlin, 1954: 157.
1955
Wildenstein, Georges. “Les graveurs de Poussin au XVIIe siecle.” Gazette des Beaux-Arts ser. 6, 46(Sept. – Dec. 1955): 169-170, no. 52. (Reprint Paris, 1957, as Les graveurs de Poussin au xvii e siècle.)
1956
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. New York, 1956: 40, repro., as by Poussin.
1957
Alazard, Jean. Nicolas Poussin, 1594 – 1665. Milan, 1957: fig. 39.
1957
Bertin-Mourot, Thérese. “Une copie ancienne d’apres Poussin au Musée de Chaumont.” Bulletin de la Société Poussin: Poussin Inconnu 1:3 – 7. Paris, 1957: 1 n.3, 4-7.
1958
Bertin-Mourot, Thérese. “Correspondance.” Gazette des Beaux-Arts ser. 6, 51 (1958): 366.
1959
Bertin-Mourot, Thérese. “Certitudes et incertitudes a propos de la Vierge assise sur des degrés.” Bulletin de la Société Poussin: Poussin Inconnu 2 (1959): 1 – 8.
1959
Cooke, Hereward Lester. French Paintings of the 16th-18th Centuries in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 1959 (Booklet Number Four in Ten Schools of Painting in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.): 20, color repro., as by Poussin.
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 339, repro., as by Poussin.
1959
Thuillier, Jacques. “Poussin, Nicolas.” In Encyclopedia of World Art. 17+ vols. New York, 1966, 11:557.
1960
Chastel, André, ed. Actes du colloque international Nicolas Poussin: Paris, 19 – 2 septembre 1958. Centre national de la recherche scientifique. Colloques internationaux sciences humaines. 2 vols. Paris, 1960: 1:305.
1960
Julian, René. “Poussin et le Caravagisme.” In Actes du colloque international Nicolas Poussin: Paris, 19 – 21 septembre 1958. Centre national de la recherche scientifique. Colloques internationaux sciences humaines. 2 vols., edited by Andre Chastel, 1:225-232. Paris, 1960: 1:230.
1960
Kauffmann, Georg. “La Sainte Famille à l’escalier et le probléme des proportions dans l’oeuvre de Poussin.” In Actes du colloque international Nicolas Poussin: Paris, 19 – 21 septembre 1958. Centre national de la recherche scientifique. Colloques internationaux sciences humaines. 2 vols., edited by Andre Chastel, 1:141 – 150. Paris, 1960: 1:147 n.11.
1960
Kaufman, George. Poussin-Studien. Berlin, 1960: 13, 14, 34, 36 – 53, 54, 58, 61, 62, 64, 66, 79, 80 – 81, 91, 97 – 98.
1961
Bialostocki, Jan. Review of Georg Kaufmann, Poussin-Studien. The Art Bulletin 43, no. 1 (March1961): 68 – 72.
1961
Blunt, Anthony. Review of Georg Kaufmann, Poussin-Studien. The Burlington Magazine 103, no. 699 (June1961): 285.
1961
Ettlinger, Leopold D. Review of Georg Kaufmann, Poussin-Studien. Kunstchronik 14, no. 7 (1961): 196 – 199.
1961
Walker, John, Guy Emerson, and Charles Seymour. Art Treasures for America: An Anthology of Paintings & Sculpture in the Samuel H. Kress Collection. London, 1961: 139, color fig. 130, as by Poussin.
1962
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. Treasures from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1962: 104, color repro., as by Poussin.
1962
Davies, Martin, and Anthony Blunt. “Some Corrections and Additions to M. Wildenstein’s ‘Graveurs de Poussin au XVIIe siecle.’” Gazette des Beaux-Arts ser. 6, 60 (July – Aug. 1962): 210, no. 52.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 204, repro., as by Poussin.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 105, as by Poussin.
1966
Blunt, Anthony. The Paintings of Nicolas Poussin. A Critical Catalogue. 2 vols. London, 1966: no. 53.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:290, color repro., as by Poussin.
1966
Einem, Herbert von. “Poussin’s Madonna an der Treppe.” Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch 28 (1966): 31 – 48.
1966
Friedlaender, Walter. Nicolas Poussin: A New Approach. New York, 1966: 29, 67-68, 75, 94, 160-163, 186, 160.
1967
Bertin-Mourot, Thérese. “Poussin et le blason des Guénégauds.” Bulletin de la Société Poussin 4 (1967): 2 – 7.
1967
Blunt, Anthony. Nicolas Poussin: The A. W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts (1958). 2 vols. New York, 1967. Reprint London, 1995: 1:26, 181 – 282, 215, 224, 227, 256 n. 56, 257, 263 – 264, 335.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 92, repro., as by Poussin.
1968
Helsdingen, Hans Willem van. “Aantekeningen bij de ikonografie van Poussin.” Simiolus 3 (1968 – 1969): 153 – 179.
1969
Badt, Kurt. Die Kunst des Nicolas Poussin. 2 vols. Cologne, 1969: 1:139, 232 – 233, 260, 361, 498 – 500.
1972
Bandmann, Günter. “Bermerkungen zu Poussins Treppenmadonna.” Das Münster. Zeitschrift für Christliche Kunst und Kunstwissenschaft 25, nos. 5 – 6 (1972): 361 – 372.
1974
Blunt, Anthony. “The Complete Poussin.” Review of Jacques Thuillier, L’opera completa di Poussin. The Burlington Magazine, no. 861 (Dec. 1974): 761.
1974
Gash, John. Review of Howard Hibbard, Poussin: The Holy Family on the Steps. Conn 186 (June 1974): 153.
1974
Hibbard, Howard. Poussin: The Holy Family on the Steps. New York, 1974: 1-117.
1974
Thuillier, Jacques. L’opera completa di Poussin. Milan, 1974. French ed., Tout l’oeuvre peint de Poussin. Paris, 1974: no. 152.
1974
Young, Eric. Review of Howard Hibbard, Poussin: The Holy Family on the Steps. Apollo 100 (1974): 87.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 274, repro., as by Poussin.
1976
Dowley, Francis H. Review of Howard Hibbard, Poussin: The Holy Family on the Steps. The Art Bulletin 58 (June 1976): 297 – 300.
1976
Harris, Ann Sutherland. Review of Howard Hibbard, Poussin: The Holy Family on the Steps. The Burlington Magazine 118 (Jan. 1976): 36 – 37.
1977
Eisler, Colin. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: European Schools Excluding Italian. Oxford, 1977: 274-280, fig. 251, as by Poussin.
1977
Pope-Hennessy, John. "Completing the Account." Review of Colin Eisler, Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection, London 1977. Times Literary Supplement no. 3,927 (17 June 1977).
1979
Blunt, Anthony. The Drawings of Poussin. New Haven and London, 1979: 71, 192 n. 9.
1979
Hoffmann, Konrad. “Poussin Treppenmadonna." Kritische Berichte, Mitteilungen des Ulmer Vereins Verbund für Kunst-und Kulturwissenschaften 7, nos. 4 / 5 (1979): 15 – 42.
1980
Wild, Doris. Nicolas Poussin. 2 vols. Zürich, 1980: 1:151 – 155, 193, 199, 200, 214, 216; 2: no. 138.
1981
Blunt, Anthony. “Poussin Reconsidered: A Second Autograph Version of Poussin’s Midas Washing at the Source of the Pactolus.” Conn 206 (March 1981): 226 – 228.
1981
Hasel, Christa von. “Kontroverse um Poussin.” Weltkunst 51 (1981): 3834
1981
Laclotte, Michel, and Pierre Rosenberg. “Poussin’s Holy Family on the Steps in the Cleveland Museum of Art” (letter to the editor). The Burlington Magazine 123, no. 944 (Nov. 1981): 676.
1981
Pace, Claire. Félibien’s Life of Poussin. London, 198: 124, 159, no. 59.2.
1982
Blunt, Anthony. “French Seventeenth-Century Painting: The Literature of the Last Ten Years.” The Burlington Magazine 124 (Nov. 1982): 707.
1982
Brigstocke, Hugh. “France in the Golden Age.” Apollo 116 (July 1982): 12-13.
1982
Lee, Sherman E. “Poussin’s Holy Family on the Steps in the Cleveland Museum of Art.” The Burlington Magazine 124, no. 948 (March 1982): 156 – 166.
1982
Lurie, Ann Tzeutschler. “Poussin’s ‘Holy Family on the Steps’ in the Cleveland Museum of Art: New Evidence from Radiography.” The Burlington Magazine 124, no. 959 (Nov. 1982): 664 – 671.
1982
Nilson, Lisbet. “Poussin’s Holy Family Feud.” Art News 81 (1982): 78 – 82.
1982
Verdi, Richard. Review of Doris Wild, Nicolas Poussin. i: Leben, Werk, Exkurse. ii: Katalog der Werke. The Burlington Magazine 124 (Apr. 1982): 249.
1983
Cropper, Elizabeth. Review of Oskar Bätschmann, Dialektik der Malerei von Nicolas Poussin. The Art Bulletin 65 (1983): 700 – 701.
1983
Waterhouse, Ellis. “Shorter Notices, Letters: Poussin’s Holy Family on the Steps.” The Burlington Magazine 125 (Feb. 1983): 96.
1984
Klemm, Alfred. “Poussin’s Holy Family on the Steps” (letter to the editor). The Burlington Magazine 126, no. 970 (Jan. 1984): 40.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 313, no. 413, color repro., as by Poussin.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 319, repro., as by Poussin.
1985
Santucci, Paola. Poussin tradizione, ermetica e classicismo gesuita. Salerno, 1985: 73, 95.
1985
Wright, Christopher. Poussin Paintings. A Catalogue Raisonné. London, 1985: 92, 93, 95, 204, no. 140b.
1988
Léveque, Jean-Jacques. La vie et l’oeuvre de Nicolas Poussin. Paris, 1988: 47.
1990
Bätschmann, Oskar. Nicolas Poussin. Dialectics of Painting. Trans. Marko Daniel. London, 1990: 25, 82-85. (First published in German, Zurich, 1982).
1990
Kemp, Martin. The Science of Art. New Haven and London, 1990: 127, 281.
1990
Mérot, Alain. Nicolas Poussin. New York, 1990: 176, 179, no. 42.
1990
Somers Cocks, Anna. “Editorial: In Praise of Magnanimity.” Apollo (1990): 299.
1990
Whalen, Karen S. “An Analysis of Nicolas Poussin’s Holy Family on the Steps of 1648.” Master’s thesis, University of Oregon, Portland, 1990: 1-152.
1991
Duret-Robert, François. “Le depart de la Madonna en correctionnelle.” ConnArts 478
(1991): 150 – 151.
1993
Carrier, David. Poussin’s Paintings: A Study in Art-Historical Methodology. University Park, Pa., 1993: 90, 178 n. 2, 180, 181, 215 – 217.
1993
Silver, Larry. Art in History. New York, 1993: 252.
1993
Thompson, James. “Nicolas Poussin.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 50 (1992 – 1993): 42.
1994
Bishop, Philip E. Adventures in the Human Spirit. Englewood Cliffs, 1994: 265.
1994
Léveque, Jean-Jacques. Nicolas Poussin. Le poète de la rigueur, 1594 – 1665. Paris, 1994: 28-29.
1994
Melikian, Souren. “Revising Art History: Drawings Reveal a Modern Poussin.” International Herald Tribune (Oct. 1 – 2, 1994): 7.
1994
Rosenberg, Pierre, and Antoine Prat. Nicolas Poussin, 1594 – 1665: catalogue raisonné des dessins. 2 vols. Milan, 1994: 1:606, 608, 610, 616, 632, 634; 2:782, 992, 1032, nos. 313 – 317.
1994
Thuillier, Jacques. Nicolas Poussin. Paris, 1994: 73, no. 172.
1995
Conisbee, Philip, and Ross Merrill. “Letters: Poussin’s ‘Holy Family on the Steps.’” The Burlington Magazine 137, no. 1102 (Jan. 1995): 37.
1996
Brigstocke, Hugh. “Variantes, copies et imitations. Quelques réflexions sur les méthodes de travail de Poussin.” In Poussin et Rome. Actes du colloque à l’Académie de France à Rome et à la Bibliotheca Hertziana. Ed. Oliver Bonfait. Paris and Rome, 1996: 210-212.
1997
Chorpenning, Joseph F. “The Enigma of St. Joseph in Poussin’s Holy Family on the Steps.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 60 (1997): 276 – 281.
1998
Chorpenning, Joseph F., ed. The Holy Family in Art and Devotion. Philadelphia, 1998: 42.
1998
Fumaroli, Marc. L’ école du silence: le sentiment des images au xvii e siècle. Paris, 1998: 591-592.
1998
Keazor, Henry. Poussins Parerga: Quellen, Entwicklung und Bedeutung der Kleinkompositionen in den Gemälden Nicolas Poussins. Regensburg, 1998: 19, 24 n. 57, 44, 71 n. 53, 131, 133 – 140; 153, 156.
1999
Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 4. Entire issue. Cleveland, 1999: 26-198.
1999
Cropper, Elizabeth. “Conception and Deception: Poussin’s Mirrors.” In Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 1999: 76 – 95.
1999
De Grazia, Diane, and Marcia Steele. “The Grande Machine.” In Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 1999: 64 – 75.
1999
De Grazia, Diane. “Poussin’s Holy Family on the Steps in Context.” In Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 1999: 26 – 63.
1999
Diederen, Roger. “Provenance: Holy Family on the Steps.” In Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 1999: 177 – 184.
1999
Sawyer, Carol, assisted by Marcia Steele. “Poussin’s Holy Family on the Steps: New Technical Discoveries, Comparisons, and the Washington Copy.” In Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 1999: 112-160.
1999
Steele, Marcia. “Appendix.” In Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 1999: 148 – 176.
1999
Szanto, Mickaël. “The Taste for Poussin in Paris: The Case of Pierre Hennequin de Fresne.” The Burlington Magazine 143, no. 1177 (Apr. 2001): 196 – 203.
1999
Verdi, Richard. “The Modernity of the Holy Family on the Steps.” In Cleveland Studies of the History of Art 1999: 96 – 111.
2005
Honour, Hugh, and John Fleming. A World History of Art. 4th ed. London, 1995: 549-550.
2009
Conisbee, Philip, et al. French Paintings of the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 2009: no. 84, 388-395, color repro.
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