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Probably Rome, before 1633; Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal-Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac [1585-1642], château de Richelieu, Poitou, France, c. 1633.[1]
acquired, possibly in Florence or Paris, by Lewis Einstein [1877-1967], Paris;[2] gift 1953 to NGA.


Montembaut, Marie and John Schloder, with preface by Jacques Thuillier and forward by Françoise Viatte. L’album Canini du Louvre et la collection d’antiques de Richelieu. Paris, 1988: 74, 135, 217, 290, fig. 117.
Penny, Nicholas. The Materials of Sculpture. London and New Haven, 1993: 33, pl. 32.
Butters, Suzanne B. The Triumph of Vulcan: Sculptors' Tools, Porphyry, and the Prince in Ducal Florence. Villa I Tatti / The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies 14. 2 vols. Florence, 1996: 32n.

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