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Provenance

Probably William Beckford [1760-1844], Fonthill Abbey, Wiltshire, and Bath, England;[1] by inheritance to his son-in-law, Alexander Hamilton, 10th duke of Hamilton [1767-1852], Hamilton Palace, Strathclyde [near Glasgow], Scotland; by inheritance to his son, William Alexander Anthony Archibald Douglas, 11th duke of Hamilton [1811-1863], Hamilton Palace; by inheritance to his son, William Alexander Louis Stephen Douglas-Hamilton, 12th duke of Hamilton [1845-1895], Hamilton Palace; (Hamilton Palace sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 17, 19, and 20 June 1882, no. 410, as Portrait of an Admiral in Armour by Tintoretto); (P. and D. Colnaghi, London and New York); sold 1882 to Henry Bingham Mildmay [1828-1905], London, Shoreham Place, Kent, and Flete House, Devon; (his sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 24 June 1893, no. 73, as Portrait of a Venetian Admiral by Tintoretto); purchased by (Thos. Agnew & Sons, Ltd., London) for Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of Rosebery [1847-1929], Dalmeny House, Midlothian, Scotland; probably Albert Edward Harry Mayer Archibald Primrose, 6th earl of Rosebery [1882-1974], Dalmeny House; sold 1954 through (Wildenstein & Co., New York) to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[2] gift 1957 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1883
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, no. 180, as by Tintoretto.
1894
Exhibition of Venetian Art, The New Gallery, London, 1894-1895, no. 219, as by Tintoretto.
1997
Venezia Da Stato a Mito [Venice: From a State to a Myth], Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice, 1997, no. 22, repro., as by Tintoretto.
2004
The Age of Titian: Venetian Renaissance Art from Scottish Collections, Royal Scottish Academy Building, Edinburgh, 2004, no. 35, repro.
Bibliography
1894
Berenson, Bernard. The Venetian Painters of the Renaissance. New York and London, 1894: 136.
1901
Thode, Henry. Tintoretto. Bielefeld, 1901: 80.
1909
Lafenestre, Georges. La vie et l’oeuvre de Titien. Rev. ed. Paris, 1909: 183-184.
1915
Osmaston, Francis P. B. The Art and Genius of Tintoret. 2 vols. London, 1915: 2:190.
1956
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Colllection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1951-56. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida and Fern Rusk Shapley. National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1956: 182-185, no. 72, repro.
1956
Walker, John. "The Nation's Newest Old Masters." The National Geographic Magazine 110, no. 5 (November 1956): 622, color repro. 638.
1957
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Venetian School. 2 vols. London, 1957: 1:189.
1957
Camesasca, Ettore, ed. Lettere sull’Arte di Pietro Aretino. Commentate da Fidenzio Pertile. 3 vols. Milan, 1957-1960: 1(1957):CIX; 3(1960):489.
1959
Morassi, Antonio. “Titian.” In Encyclopedia of World Art. 17+ vols. London, 1959+,
14(1967): col. 139.
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 190, repro.
1960
Valcanover, Francesco. Tutta la pittura di Tiziano. 2 vols. Milan, 1960: 1:102.
1963
Jullian, Philippe. “La fausse abbaye de Fonthill et les collections de l’extravagant William Beckford.” Connaissance des arts 133 (March 1963): 98.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 307, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 130
1967
Fomichova, Tamara. “I dipinti di Tiziano nelle raccolte dell’Ermitage.” Arte Veneta 21 (1967): 70.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 117, repro.
1968
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XV-XVI Century. London, 1968: 181-182, fig. 427.
1969
Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Tiziano. 2 vols. Florence, 1969: 1:90.
1969
Valcanover, Francesco. L’opera completa di Tiziano. Milan, 1969: 141 no. 631.
1969
Wethey, Harold. The Paintings of Titian. 3 vols. London, 1969-1975: 2(1971):25-26, 83-84.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 203, 511, 647.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 346, repro.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:485-488, II:pl. 345
1984
Mason Rinaldi, Stefania. Palma il Giovane, L'opera completa. Milan, 1984: 171.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 206, no. 249, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 397, repro.
1987
Wethey, Harold E. Titian and His Drawings, with Reference to Giorgione and Some Close Contemporaries. Princeton, 1987: 79 n. 64, 83 n. 80.
1992
Fomichova, Tamara. The Hermitage Catalogue of West European Painting, Vol. 2: Venetian Painting of the Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries. Florence, 1992: 349.
1996
Burke, Peter. “Il ritratto veneziano del Cinquecento”. In Pittura nel Veneto. Il Cinquecento. Edited by Mauro Lucco. 3 vols. Milan, 1996-1999: 3(1999):1102-1103.
1997
Venezia da stato a mito. Exh. cat. Fondazione Giorgio Cini, Venice, 1997: 335-336.
2001
Chapel, Jeannie. “William Beckford: Collector of Old Master Paintings, Drawings and Prints.” In William Beckford, 1760-1844: An Eye for the Magnificent. Edited by Derek E. Ostergard. Exh. cat. Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design and Culture, 2001-2002. New Haven and London, 2001: 234.
2004
Humfrey, Peter, et al. The Age of Titian: Venetian Renaissance Art from Scottish Collections. Edited by Aidan Weston-Lewis. Exh. cat. Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, 2004: 124-125.
2005
Mason Rinaldi, Stefania. “Tiziano nelle collezioni scozzesi: Note in margine alla mostra di Edimburgo.” Studi Tizianeschi 3 (2005): 85.
2006
Titien: Le pouvoir en face. Exh. cat. Musée du Luxembourg, Paris. Milan, 2006: 136.
2007
Humfrey, Peter. Titian: The Complete Paintings. Ghent and New York, 2007: 182.
2008
Garton, John. Grace and Grandeur: The Portraiture of Paolo Veronese. London and Turnhout, 2008: 103.
2009
Bodart, Diane H. “Le reflet et l’éclat. Jeux de l’envers dans la peinture vénitienne du XVIe siècle.” In Frederick Ilchman, et al Titien, Tintoret, Véronèse: rivalités à Venise. Exh. cat. Musée du Louvre, Paris, 2009: 236.
2009
Ilchman, Frederick, et al. Titian, Tintoretto, Veronese: Rivals in Renaissance Venice. Exh. cat. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Musée du Louvre, Paris. Boston, 2009: 210-213, 284.
2009
Mack, Rosamund E. "When Armor was Art: Exploring Images of Armor in the National Gallery of Art Collections." Washington, 1990: cover, verso, color repros.
2012
Hale, Sheila. Titan: His Life. London, 2012: 417.
2013
Evans, Godfrey. “‘Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself’: The Dukes of Hamilton and Titian.” In The Reception of Titian in Britain: From Reynolds to Ruskin. Edited by Peter Humfrey. Turnhout, 2013: 148, 149.
2013
Nichols, Tom. Titian and the End of the Venetian Renaissance. London, 2013: 113.