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around circumference: M[ARCUS].TVLLIVS.C[ICERO].P[RIMUS].P[ATER].P[ATRIAE]. (Marcus Tullius Cicero, first father of his country)

Marks and Labels

Reverse bears former inventory numbers 34 in red paint (Dreyfus) and 48 (rubbed) in yellow paint (Ricci 1931).


Gustave Dreyfus [1837-1914], Paris; his estate; purchased 1930 by (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York); purchased 1945 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1957 to NGA.


Molinier, Émile. Les Bronzes de la Renaissance. Les Plaquettes; Catalogue Raisonné. 2 vols. Paris, 1886: 1:28, no. 54, as Julius Caesar; 2:207, no. 54, as Cicero.
Ricci, Seymour de. The Gustave Dreyfus Collection. Reliefs and Plaquettes. Oxford, 1931: 43, no. 48, pl. 17.
Renaissance Bronzes: Statuettes, Reliefs and Plaquettes, Medals and Coins from the Kress Collection. Introduction by Perry B. Cott. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951: 143.
Pope-Hennessy, John W. Renaissance Bronzes from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Reliefs, Plaquettes, Statuettes, Utensils and Mortars. London, 1965: 78, no. 267, fig. 61.
Rossi, Francesco. La collezione Mario Scaglia: placchette. 3 vols. Bergamo, 2011: 1:57, under Variante A, M.4, fig. C.

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