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Inscription

around circumference: M[ARCUS].TVLLIVS.C[ICERO].P[RIMUS].P[ATER].P[ATRIAE]. (Marcus Tullius Cicero, first father of his country)

Marks and Labels

Reverse bears former inventory numbers 34 in red paint (Dreyfus) and 48 (rubbed) in yellow paint (Ricci 1931).

Provenance

Gustave Dreyfus [1837-1914], Paris; his estate; purchased 1930 by (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York); purchased 1945 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1957 to NGA.

Bibliography
1886
Molinier, Émile. Les Bronzes de la Renaissance. Les Plaquettes; Catalogue Raisonné. 2 vols. Paris, 1886: 1:28, no. 54, as Julius Caesar; 2:207, no. 54, as Cicero.
1931
Ricci, Seymour de. The Gustave Dreyfus Collection. Reliefs and Plaquettes. Oxford, 1931: 43, no. 48, pl. 17.
1951
Renaissance Bronzes: Statuettes, Reliefs and Plaquettes, Medals and Coins from the Kress Collection. Introduction by Perry B. Cott. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951: 143.
1965
Pope-Hennessy, John W. Renaissance Bronzes from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Reliefs, Plaquettes, Statuettes, Utensils and Mortars. London, 1965: 78, no. 267, fig. 61.
2011
Rossi, Francesco. La collezione Mario Scaglia: placchette. 3 vols. Bergamo, 2011: 1:57, under Variante A, M.4, fig. C.