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around top circumference: .M[ARS].VICTORIA.FVNCTVS (Mars having accomplished victory); beside figure's head, in monogram, now almost effaced: M[ODERNVS] F[ECIT] (Moderno made this) [1]

Inscription Notes

[1] The signature initials on this plaquette either are (possibly intentionally) almost erased or possibly were not noticed to exist by the potentially later foundryman who cast this example, and thus were not specifically reinforced for legibility in the modeling of the wax, or the chasing of the bronze. The translation of the inscription was revised by Katie Colman, Anne Steptoe, and Will Murphy, of the Advanced Latin Seminar at Episcopal High School, Alexandria, Virginia.

Marks and Labels

Three narrow, raised parallel striations applied in wax on reverse, apparently as cast-in coding mark(?). Reverse bears former inventory numbers 144 (Dreyfus) in red paint (with other, now illegible, marks in the same medium) and 186 in yellow paint (Ricci 1931).


Gustave Dreyfus [1837-1914], Paris; his estate; purchased 1930 by (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York); purchased 1945 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1957 to NGA.

Delaroche, Paul, Henriquel Dupont, and Charles Lenormant, eds. Trésor de numismatique et de glyptique, ou Recueil général le médailes, monnaies, pierres gravées, bas-reliefs, etc.. tant anciens que modernes, les plus intéressans sous le rapport de l'art et de l'histoire. 20 vols. in 19. Paris, 1834-1858: 19(1836):23, pl. 35, fig. 3.
Molinier, Émile. Les Bronzes de la Renaissance. Les Plaquettes; Catalogue Raisonné. 2 vols. Paris, 1886:, 1:141-142, no. 188.
Ricci, Seymour de. The Gustave Dreyfus Collection. Reliefs and Plaquettes. Oxford, 1931. vol. II, 142, no. 186, pl. 60.
National Gallery of Art. Renaissance Bronzes: Statuettes, Reliefs and Plaquettes, Medals and Coins from the Kress Collection. Introduction by Perry B. Cott. Washington, 1951: 152.
Pope-Hennessy, Sir John. "The Italian Plaquette." Proceedings of the British Academy I (1964): 71, pl. 6, fig. a. Reprinted in The Study and Criticism of Italian Sculpture. Princeton, 1980: 201, fig. 14 (as trial cast).
Pope-Hennessy, John W. Renaissance Bronzes from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Reliefs, Plaquettes, Statuettes, Utensils and Mortars. London, 1965: 44, no. 140, fig. 166.
Montagu, Jennifer. "Plaquettes Revealed" Apollo 83 (March 1966): 229.
Lewis 1987, 81, 94 note 21.
Lewis, Douglas. "The Plaquettes of 'Moderno' and His Followers." Studies in the History of Art 22 (1989): 122, 136, note 170; 140, no. I.21.
Pope-Hennessy, John. "The Study of Italian Plaquettes." Studies in the History of Art 22 (1989): 27, fig. 22.