Possibly Countess Lauredana Gatterburg-Morosini [d. 1884], Venice; (her sale, Palazzo Morosini, Venice, 15-22 May 1894, no. 635). (Stefano Bardini [1836-1922], Florence); (his sales, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 26-30 May 1902, no. 603, as by Van Dyck, Portrait of a Cardinal and American Art Galleries, New York, 23-27 April 1918, 3rd day, no. 465, as Italian School, Portrait of a Spanish Cardinal). (E. & A. Silberman Galleries, New York); purchased 1946 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1961 to NGA.
- Baroque Portraiture in Italy: Works from North American Collections, The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota: Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, 1984-1985, no. 71, repro.
- Bernardo Strozzi: Master Painter of the Italian Baroque, The Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, 1995, no. 22.
The support consists of a coarse, plain-woven fabric to which a narrower strip of similar fabric about 10.2 cm wide was joined by a vertical seam at the right. The fabrics were evidently sewn together before the painting process began. The ground is a moderately thick layer of warm gray with a second tan layer under the figure, the miter, and the table. The paint was applied in opaque layers that range in consistency from full-bodied paste to fluid semitranslucent paint in areas such as the tablecloth. Details were added with more fluid paint over the dry underlayer. The hair was loosely brushed in as a final single, thin, opaque layer. The damask pattern in the greenish-gray habit was built up of thickly applied swirls in the same color to create a relief pattern. The pattern and embroidery of the miter were freely brushed in with sweeping strokes of color followed by lines made with a small hard object like the handle of a brush, which exposed the tan underlayer. The white lace was painted over a strip of very dark gray paint. A triangle of dark brown paint extends approximately 25 cm along the top and about 15 cm down the left side. The left side of the collar was originally brushed in wider and spread farther from the center opening.
Although there is a lack of cusping, the composition does not appear to have been cut down. Air-path x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy suggests that the paint used for the mozzetta contains smalt as well as smaller amounts of vermilion and lead white. The present gray-green color is due to discoloration of the smalt. There is extensive inpainting in the red tablecloth, the shadows of the right hand and tablecloth, and in the background to the right side of the figure from elbow to mid-thigh. Inpainting in the lower portion of the right side of the robe and throughout the background presumably compensates for abrasion. There is a fabric insert below the bishop's right hand. The considerably discolored varnish is thicker over the darker areas of the picture. Conservation files record that the painting was relined and underwent slight restoration in 1947 by Stephen Pichetto.
 In the copy this may have been interpreted as a curtain. Also, there is no evidence of a tassel having been present in the right background, as seen in the copy.
- Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1945-1951. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951: 142, no. 61, repro.
- Matteucci, Anna Maria. "L'attività veneziana di Bernardo Strozzi." Arte Veneta 9 (1955): 66, 151-152, fig. 166.
- Mortari, Luisa. "Su Bernardo Strozzi." Bollettino d'Arte 40 (1955): 322.
- Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 222, repro.
- Pignatti, Terisio, ed. Il Museo Correr di Venezia: Dipinti del XVII e XVIII secolo. Venice. 1960: 324.
- Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 126.
- Mortari, Luisa. Bernardo Strozzi. Rome, 1966: 66, 182, 193, fig. 353.
- Milkovich, Michael. Bernardo Strozzi. Paintings and Drawings. Exh. cat. University Art Gallery, State University of New York, Binghamton, 1967: repro. p. 98.
- National Gallery of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. Washington, 1968: 112, repro.
- Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 193.
- Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XVI-XVIII Century. London, 1973: 88, fig. 158.
- European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 334, repro.
- Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: 1:436-437; 2:pl. 316.
- Pallucchini, Rodolfo. La pittura veneziana del seicento. 2 vols. Milan, 1981: 1:158, 2:fig. 462.
- Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 232, no. 298, color repro.
- European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 384, repro.
- Bartoletti in La pittura in Italia. Edited by Mina Gregori and Erich Schleier. 2 vols. Rev. ed. Milan, 1989: 2:894.
- Bernardo Strozzi. Exh. cat. Genoa, 1995: 212, repro.
- De Grazia, Diane, and Eric Garberson, with Edgar Peters Bowron, Peter M. Lukehart, and Mitchell Merling. Italian Paintings of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 249-253, color repro. 251.
- Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 165, no. 125, color repro.