During the mid-19th century, George Catlin created two large collections of paintings featuring Indian portraits, genre scenes, and western landscapes. The first collection, which he called his "Indian Gallery," included more than 500 works completed during the 1830s. Most of the surviving paintings from this group are now at the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, DC. During the 1850s and 1860s, Catlin created a second collection, numbering more than 600 works, which he called his "Cartoon Collection." The surviving works from this collection were acquired by the American Museum of Natural History in New York in 1912. Paul Mellon purchased more than 300 paintings from the Cartoon Collection when they were deaccessioned. In 1965, he gave 351 works from this collection to the National Gallery of Art.
When Catlin exhibited the Cartoon Collection in New York in 1871, he published a catalog listing all the works. The catalog entries often included additional information about the subject of each painting. Catlin's catalog entry for this painting follows.
Cart. No. 75. Assinneboíne.
a. -- Wi-jún-jun (The Pigeon’s Egg Head); a distinguished warrior, and oldest son of the chief.
b. -- Chin-cha-pée (The Fire Bug that creeps); [the Glow-worm]; the wife of Wijunjon, holding in her hand the baton used by the women of that tribe to dig the “pomme blanche,” a sort of wild turnip, growing in the prairies.
c. -- (-----); the children of Wijunjon.
A tribe of 8,000, living on the sources of the Red River of the North. 1832.
George Catlin [1796-1872]; by descent to his daughters, Clara Gregory Catlin, Louise Catlin Kinney, and Elizabeth Wing Catlin; purchased 1912 from Elizabeth Wing Catlin by the American Museum of Natural History; sold 1959 through (Kennedy Galleries, New York) to Mr. Paul Mellon, Upperville, VA; gift 1965 to the NGA.
- Loan for display with permanent collection, Whitney Gallery of Western Art, Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Cody, Wyoming, 1964-1974.
- Extended loan for use by Secretary Nicolas Brady, U.S. Department of Treasury, Washington, D.C., 1989-1993.
- Extended loan for use by Secretary Lloyd Bentson, U.S. Department of Treasury, Washington, D.C., 1993-1995.
- Extended loan for use by Secretary Robert Rubin, U.S. Department of Treasury, Washington, D.C., 1995-1996.
- Extended loan for use by President George W. Bush, White House, Washington, D.C., 2001-2002.
- George Catlin and His Indian Gallery, Renwick Gallery, Washington, D.C., 2002-2003, not in cat.
- American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 24.
- American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 39, repro.
- American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 45, repro.