Almorò Barbaro [b. 1681], Venice; by descent to Marc Antonio Barbaro [d. 1860]; his sister, Elissa Bassi; sold to (Vicenzo Favenza), by 1866; sold to an unidentified Frenchman, probably a dealer; (Palazzo Barbaro sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 9 February 1874, no. 3); Isaac, comte de Camondo [1851-1911], Paris; (his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 13 February 1893, no. 27); (Eugène Féral); Baron Adolph Carl de Rothschild [1823-1900], Château de Pregny, near Geneva. Dr. Joseph Kranz, Vienna, by 1902. Stefan von Auspitz, Vienna, by 1931; Possibly Daniel George van Beuningen [1877-1955]; (K.W. Bachstitz, The Hague); purchased 1937 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1939 to NGA.
Associated NamesAuspitz, Stefan
Barbaro, Marc Antonio
Beuningen, Daniel George van
Camondo, Isaac, comte de
Galerie Georges Petit
Kranz, Joseph, Dr.
Kress Foundation, Samuel H.
Rothschild, Adolphe de, Baron
Springer, von, Baron
- An Exhibition of the Von Auspitz Collection of Old Masters by Courtesy of Herr Walter Bachstitz, Thos. Agnew & Sons, London, 1932, no. 24.
- Exhibition of Venetian Painting from the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century, California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, 1938, no. 61, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Paintings, Drawings and Prints by the Two Tiepolos--Giambattista and Giandomenico, The Art Institute of Chicago, 1938, no. 23.
- Special Exhibition of Venetian Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection, Seattle Art Museum; Portland Art Museum, Oregon; Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Alabama, August-October 1938, no catalogue.
- Tiepolo and His Contemporaries, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1938, no. 15, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Dutch and Italian Masterpieces from the Samul H. Kress Collection, Dayton Art Institute, 1939-1940, no. cat.
- Masterworks of Five Centuries, Golden Gate International Exposition, San Francisco, 1939, no. 53, repro.
- Masterpieces of Art. European & American Paintings 1500-1900, New York World's Fair, 1940, no. 38, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander (catalogue titled Catalogue of European & American Paintings 1500-1900, introduction and descriptions by W
- Exhibition of Art Treasures for America from the Samuel H. Kress Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1961-1962, no. 93A.
- Giambattista Tiepolo: 1696 - 1996, Museo del Settecento Veneziano - Ca'Rezzonico, Venice; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1996-1997, no. 21b, repro.
The support is a plain-weave, medium coarse fabric. The double ground consists of an initial red layer covered by a yellow layer, which was brushed on thickly overall and has a pebbled texture. The paint was applied in thick, heavy layers that are highly opaque and do not allow the color of the ground to show through. The broad, textured brushstrokes, applied wet-into-wet, produced a moderate to heavy impasto. The borders between different compositional elements are not blended, but are often defined by a fluid contour line. The drapery was executed with thick, heavy strokes compared to the fainting woman's thinly painted fingers, which are articulated with finely textured strokes and outlined with a liquid stroke of brown-red glaze. In some areas, such as the ornaments on her shoulder, dry paint was dragged across the surface. X-radiographs reveal that the arch behind the figures was slightly modified and the head of the crowned figure has been shifted to the right.
In 1938 the painting was relined, discolored varnish was removed, and the painting was restored by Stephen Pichetto. It was conserved most recently in 1992-1993 by Susanna P. Griswold, who removed discolored varnish and restored the painting.
- Fontana, Gianjacopo. Venezia Monumentale: I Palazzi. Venice, 1845-1863. Reprint, edited by Lino Moretti. Venice, 1967: 172.
- Modern, Heinrich. Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. Eine Studie. Vienna, 1902: 52.
- Goering, Max. "Tiepolo." In Thieme-Becker. 37 vols. Leipzig, 1907-1950: 33(1938):148.
- Molmenti, Pompeo. G. B. Tiepolo. La sua vita e le sue opere. Milan, 1909: 275-276, repro.
- Sack, Eduard. Giambattista and Domenico Tiepolo. Ihr Leben und Ihre Werke. Hamburg, 1910: 150, fig. 137, 203.
- Molmenti, Pompeo. G. B. Tiepolo. Paris, 1911: 210, pl. 227.
- Borenius, Tancred. "The Stefan von Auspitz Collection." The Burlington Magazine 61 (1932): 288.
- Middeldorf, Ulrich. "Eine Tiepolo Austellung in Chicago." Pantheon 21 (1938): 146, repro.
- Siple, Ella. "Art In America: Three Exhibitions of Eighteenth-Century Art." The Burlington Magazine 72 (1938): 238.
- Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 193, no. 458, pl. XII, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 249, repro. 193, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Lorenzetti, Giulio. Das Jahrhundert Tiepolos. Vienna, 1942: XXVI.
- Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 126, color repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 145, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Lorenzetti, Giuliu. Mostra del Tiepolo. Exh. cat. Palazzo ai Giardini Pubblici, Venice, 1951: 85, under no. 63.
- Vigni, Giorgio. Tiepolo. Milan, 1951: unpaginated (listed under 1743-1750), fig. 78.
- Morassi, Antonio. G. B. Tiepolo. His Life and Work. London, 1955: 22.
- Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 248, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Olsen, Harald. Italian Paintings and Sculpture in Denmark. Amsterdam, 1961: 92.
- Morassi, Antonio. A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings of G. B. Tiepolo. London, 1962: 67, fig. 287.
- Garas, Klára. "Allegorie und Geschichte in der venezianischen Malerei des 18. Jahrhunderts." Acta Historiae Artium 11 (1965): 294.
- Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 127, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 113, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Pallucchini, Anna. L'opera completa di Giambattista Tiepolo. Milan, 1968: 114, no. 190D, repro.
- Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 198.
- Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XVI-XVIII Century. London, 1973: 147-148, fig. 281.
- Zeri, Federico, and Elizabeth Gardner. Italian Paitnings. A Catalogue of the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Venetian School. New York, 1973: 56.
- European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 338, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Levey, Michael. "Three Slight Revisions to Tiepolo Scholarship." Arte Veneta 32 (1978): 419.
- Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:443-445, II:pl. 322, 322A, as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 345, no. 472, color repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 388, repro., as Timocleia and the Thracian Commander.
- Aikema, Bernard. "La decorazione di Palazzo Barbaro-Curtis a Venezia fino alla metà del settecento." Arte Veneta 41 (1987): 150, fig. 9.
- Bell, Daniel O. "Tiepolo's 'Betrothal': A Virtue in the History of Women." Arte Veneta 41 (1987): 159-162, fig. 2.
- Chiappini, Ileana, in article by Antonio Zanchi. "Pietro Zampetti." I pittori bergamaschi 4 (1987): 578-579.
- Müller, Mechtild. In Gode Krämer, ed. Die Karl und Magdalene Haberstock-Stiftung, Gemälde und Zeichnungen. Exh. cat. Städtische Kunstsammlungen, Augsburg. Munich, 1991: 60-63, under no. 17, repro.
- Gemin, Massimo, and Filippo Pedrocco. Giambattista Tiepolo. Venice, 1993: 408-409, no. 392, repro.
- De Grazia, Diane, and Eric Garberson, with Edgar Peters Bowron, Peter M. Lukehart, and Mitchell Merling. Italian Paintings of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1996: 264-272, color repro. 267.
- Pedrocco, Filippo. Giambattista Tiepolo. Milan, 2002: no. 212/5, repro.