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lower left, in image, in plate: H. cock excu; lower center, in image, in plate: PRVDENTIA (Prudence); lower right, in cartouche, in plate: Bruegel Inuentor; lower margin, in plate: SI PRVDENS ESSE CVPIS, IN FVTVRVM PROSPECTVM IN OSTENDE, ET / QVAE POSSVNT CONTINGERE, ANIMO TVO CVNCTA PROPONE. (If you wish to be prudent, think always of the future and keep everything in the forefront of your mind.) [translation from Nadine Orenstein, ed., Pieter Bruegel the Elder: Drawings and Prints. Exhibition catalogue. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2001, p. 183.]


(sale, C.G. Boerner, Leipzig, May 7-9, 1928, lot 264); purchased by Lessing J. Rosenwald [1891-1979], Jenkintown, PA (Lugt 1760b); gift to NGA, 1943.

Exhibition History

Eva/Ave: Woman in Renaissance and Baroque Prints, NGA, 1990, no. 150, repro.


Bastelaer, Rene van. Les estampes de Peter Bruegel l'ancien. Brussels: G. van Oest et Cie, 1908.
Russell 1990,
The New Hollstein Dutch & Flemish Etchings, Engravings and Woodcuts, 1450-1700. (Philips Galle, Manfred Sellink and Marjolein Leesberg, authors). Rotterdam: Sound & Vision Interactive, 1996-, no. 313, state i/ii.

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