Falsely inscribed lower right between the hem of the Virgin's robe and the book: AD (in ligature)
Prince Nikolai Viktorovich Gagarin [1873-1925], Moscow, by 1892. Prince Paul Trubetskoi, Paris, until c. 1921-1922. (Van Diemen & Co., The Hague); sold August 1922 to Ralph Harman [1873-1931] and Mary Batterman [d. 1951] Booth, Grosse Point, Michigan; by descent 1949 to their daughter and her husband, William and Virginia Vogel, Milwaukee; their daughter, Grace Vogel Aldworth, Chicago, by 1977; gift 1981 to NGA.
- Album of Charity Exhibition of Pictures from Private Collections, Moscow, 1892, no. 29.
- Ralph H. Booth Loan Collection, Detroit Institute of Arts, 1923, no cat.
- Flemish Primitives, F. Kleinberger Galleries, New York, 1929, no. 80.
- Trésor de l'art flamand du Moyen Age au XVIIIme siècle, Antwerp, 1930, no. 183.
- Jean Gossaert dit Mabuse, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, and Groeningemuseum, Bruges, 1965, no. 42.
- A Collector's Cabinet, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1998, no. 23, fig. 17.
- Jan Gossaert's Renaissance, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The National Gallery, London, 2010-2011, no. 21, repro. (not in London catalogue).
The painting is in very good condition except for the upraised hand of the Madonna, which is entirely repainted. There are small losses in the background and small losses in the shoulder and abdomen of the Christ Child. Infrared photography and infrared reflectography reveal underdrawing in the face and legs of the Infant and the face of the Madonna. Only a small portion of the Madonna's drapery at the extreme left shows underdrawing. On the reverse is the paper sticker from the Kleinberger Galleries exhibition of 1929 and at the lower left a partially destroyed red resinous seal, which may be read as / VAN DIEMEN / & CO. LA HAYE. At the upper right is a red resinous seal with an unidentified heraldic design.
- Album of Charity Exhibition of Pictures from Private Collections. [In Russian] Exh. cat. Moscow, 1892: no. 29.
- Valentiner, Wilhelm R. "Ralph H. Booth Loan Collection." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 4 (1923): 51.
- Friedländer, Max J. Die altniederländische Malerei 14 vols.,1924-1937. Berlin, 1930: 8:57-58, no. 28, pl. 26. (English ed., 14 vols., 1967-1976. Leiden, 1972: 8:37, 94, no. 28, pl. 30.)
- Osten, Gert von der. "Studien zu Jan Gossaert." De Artibus Opuscula XL. Essays in Honor of Erwin Panofsky. 2 vols. New York, 1961: 455.
- Herzog, Sadja. "Jan Gossaert called Mabuse (ca. 1478-1532): A Study of his Chronology with a Catalogue of his Works." Ph.D. diss., Bryn Mawr College, 1968: 156-157, 162, 318-319, no. 56, pl. 68.
- Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 158, no. 173, color repro.
- European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 182, repro.
- Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 1986: 107-109, repro. 108.
- Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 125, no. 95, color repro.
- Acres, Alfred. Renaissance Invention and the Haunted Infancy. London and Turnhout, 2013: 118, fig. 87, color fig. 72.