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Upper center in cartouche in gold: IGNIS; center right in black ink: ANIMALIA / RATIONALIA / ET / INSECTA; center left in gold: G; center right in gold: HF; lower center in black ink: Qui fecit Angelos spiritus suos: / Et ministros suos Ignem urentem. ("Who made your angels spirits: and your ministers a burning fire." Psalms 103:4) (Latin Vulgate Bible)


Emperor Rudolph of Austria; Lessing J. Rosenwald, Alverthorpe, PA; gift to NGA, 1987.

Exhibition History

A Collector's Cabinet, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1998, no. 76.
From Botany to Bouquets: Flowers in Northern Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1999, no. 45, as Iris from Animalia Rationalia et Insecta (Ignis).
Deceptions and Illusions: Five Centuries of Trompe l'Oeil Painting, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 2002-2003, no. 30, as Ignis (Animalia Rationalia et Insecta) Plate 47.

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