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Upper center in brown ink: LAVDATE PVERI DOMINUM; center right in gold: II.; lower center in brown ink: LAVDATE NOMEN DOMINI.
Facing page:
Upper center in red ink: Ex ore Infantium, et lactantiu[m/n], su[per/pra] fecisti laudem. / propter Inimicos tuos. Pssal.8: (“Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings you have ordained strength because of your enemies.” Psalms 8:3) (Latin Vulgate Bible); lower center in black ink: Domine quid est HOMO quod Innotuisti ei! aut filius / hominis quia reputas eum! / HOMO vanitati similis factus est, dies eius sicut umbra pr[a] (“Lord, what is man, that you take knowledge of him! Or the son of man, that you make account of him! Man is like to vanity: his days are as a shadow that passes away.” Psalms 143:3) (Latin Vulgate Bible)


Emperor Rudolph of Austria; Lessing J. Rosenwald, Alverthorpe, PA; gift to NGA, 1987.

Exhibition History

A Collector's Cabinet, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1998, no. 76.
From Botany to Bouquets: Flowers in Northern Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1999, no. 45, as Iris from Animalia Rationalia et Insecta (Ignis).
Deceptions and Illusions: Five Centuries of Trompe l'Oeil Painting, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 2002-2003, no. 30, as Ignis (Animalia Rationalia et Insecta) Plate 47.

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