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upper center in red ink: SEMPER ALIQVID NOVI ADFERT AFRICA.; center right in black ink: XII.; animals in image numbered .1. and .2., in red ink; lower center in black ink: PARDI MORS.
Facing page: upper center in brown ink: Ascendunt montes, et descendunt valles / In locum quem fundasti eis ps: 103. (“The mountains ascend and the valleys descend into the place which you have founded for them.” Psalms 103:8) (Latin Vulgate Bible); lower center in brown ink: Tigrides indomitae rancant: Rugiuntq[ue] leones: / Panthera caurit amans: Pardus hiando felit.


Emperor Rudolph of Austria; Lessing J. Rosenwald, Alverthorpe, PA; gift to NGA, 1987.

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