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upper center in red ink: SIMIARVM PVLCHRRA: DEFORMIS EST.; center right in black ink: XXIX.; animals in image numbered .1., .2., and .3., in red ink; on ledge in image at lower right in (gold?) and black ink: SIMIA SEMPER SIMIA. 1575.; lower center in black ink: AVT CVCVRBITAM, AVT CVCVRBITAE FLORE[M].
Facing page: upper center in brown ink: Gangetis sapido celebrator Simia gustu.; middle center in black ink: Infelix animal quod se virtute, dolisue / Aequiparare cupit mortalibus, bis dedit unis / Ingenium velox, divino semine natis / Maximus ille opifex qui nutu temperat orbem. / Et quantum superi praestant mortalibus ipsi, / Tantum mortales praestant animalibus istis.; lower center in brown ink: Sicut TERRA profert GERMEN suum: sic Dominus Deus / germinabit iustitiam, et laudem cora[m] universis gentibus. / Isaias.61. (“For as the earth brings forth her bud so the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.” Isaiah 61:11) (Latin Vulgate Bible)


Emperor Rudolph of Austria; Lessing J. Rosenwald, Alverthorpe, PA; gift to NGA, 1987.

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