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upper center in red ink: Non semper tollunt, ad vulnera colla CERASTAE; upper center in (gold?): ASPIS, A VIPERA CONSILIV[M] CAPIT.; center right in brown ink: LVIII; animals in image numbered .1., .2., .3., .4., 5., and .6., in red ink; lower center in black/violet: Quasi a facie serpentis fuge Peccata, Dentes leonis, dentes eius / Interficientes animas hominum.Ecc[us].21. (“Flee from sin as from the face of a serpent: the teeth are as the teeth of a lion, slaying the souls of man.” Ecclesiasticus 21: 2 and 3) (Latin Vulgate Bible)
Facing page: upper center in brown ink: Qui legitis flores et humi nascentia fragra: / Frigidus, o pueri, fugite hinc latet Anguis in herba.; lower center in brown ink: Parva necat morsu spatiosum Vipera Taurum / A cane non magno saepe tenetur Aper.


Emperor Rudolph of Austria; Lessing J. Rosenwald, Alverthorpe, PA; gift to NGA, 1987.

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