Pierre Simon Benjamin Duvivier was son of a prolific medal-engraver, Jean. He spent most of a very long career in the service of the French court and was the favorite medalist of Louis XVI. He was also a consummate master and the artist of some of the most beautiful European medals of the late eighteenth century. His skills in presenting portraits with rococo brio and in handling textures was unmatched. From 1781 and 1789 he produced medals commemorating the American War of Independence, including an effigy of George Washington. He continued working during the revolutionary and Napoleonic periods, producing a medal of Napoleon in 1800. His last medal was made for a papal visit to Paris in 1805.
[Published in: John Graham Pollard. Renaissance Medals. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. 2 vols. Washington, 2007]