Upon his return to New York in 1909, Weber conveyed his firsthand knowledge of the Parisian avant-garde to the burgeoning circle of American modernists gathering around Alfred Stieglitz (American, 1864 - 1946). After exhibiting at Stieglitz's 291 gallery in 1910 and staging his first solo exhibition there in 1911, Weber and Stieglitz parted ways. A major exhibition of his work was held at the Newark Museum of Art, New Jersey, in 1913. Although he declined to participate in the 1913 Armory Show, he did have some works in the first exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists in 1917. Weber taught art history at the Clarence White School of Photography in New York from 1914 to 1918, and art at the Art Students League of New York from 1920 to 1921, and 1925 to 1927. In addition to painting, he experimented with abstract sculpture and was the author of Cubist Poems (1913), Essays on Art (1916), and Primitives (1926).
Around 1920 Weber abandoned cubist abstraction and began to paint in a more representational style that was influenced by German expressionism and fauvism. In 1924 the Galerie Bernheim-Jeune in Paris gave him a retrospective exhibition, and in 1929 he was included in Paintings by Nineteen Living Americans at the Museum of Modern Art, which also gave him a retrospective the following year. In the 1930s he painted mostly Old Testament subjects and scenes from Jewish life that harkened back to his upbringing in Bialystok. Solo shows of his work were held at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1949, the Jewish Museum in 1956, and the Newark Museum of Art in 1959. He died in 1961 in Great Neck, New York, where he had lived since 1929.
September 29, 2016
Cahill, Holger. Max Weber. New York, 1930.
Goodrich, Lloyd. Max Weber: Retrospective Exhibition. Exh. cat. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. New York, 1949.
North, Phylis Burkley. "Max Weber, The Early Paintings (1905-1920)." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Delaware, Newark, 1975.
Werner, Alfred. Max Weber. New York, 1975.
North, Percy. Max Weber, American Modern. Exh. cat. Jewish Museum, New York; Norton Gallery and School of Art, West Palm Beach; McNay Art Institute, San Antonio; Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha. New York, 1982.
North, Percy, and Susan Krane. Max Weber: The Cubist Decade, 1910-1920. Exh. cat. High Museum of Art, Atlanta, and five additional venues, 1991-1992. Atlanta and Seattle, 1991.
North, Percy. Max Weber: Bringing Paris to New York. Exh. cat. Baltimore Museum of Art, 2013.
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