Romanian, 1876 - 1957
Constantin Brancusi was born in Hobitza, Romania, on February 19, 1876. He studied art at the Scoala de Meserii in Craiova from 1894 to 1898 and at the Scoala Natzionala de Arte Frumoase in Bucharest from 1898 to 1901. In 1904 Brancusi left Romania for Paris where he enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1905. From 1907 until his death, he worked largely on his own, systematically forging an original modernist sculptural style. In 1935 the artist received an important public commission for a war memorial in Turgu Jiu, Romania. For this commission he designed a complex that included a ceremonial portal, tables, stools, and the sculpture known as the Endless Column. In 1952, Brancusi became a French citizen. He died in Paris on March 16, 1957. Brancusi’s work has inspired a host of modern sculptors, from Barbara Hepworth, Henry Moore, and Isamu Noguchi (who worked as Brancusi’s studio assistant in 1927) to Carl Andre, Donald Judd, and Dan Flavin.