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Dutch, 1588 - 1629
Terbrugghen, Hendrick; Brugghen, Hendrick Jansz. ter
Hendrick ter Brugghen was born in 1588, probably in The Hague. His parents, Jan Egbertsz ter Brugghen and Feysgen Dircx, came from Utrecht but lived for a time in The Hague because of Jan’s career as a civil servant. He served as secretary to the court of Utrecht in 1581 and became bailiff of the States of Holland in 1585. By 1603 the family was living in Abcoude, a village midway between Utrecht and Amsterdam. During these years, Ter Brugghen may have been apprenticed to the Utrecht mannerist
After his training, Ter Brugghen traveled to Italy, though it is not certain when he left the Netherlands. In the spring of 1607 a cadet named “Henrick ter Brugge,” probably the artist, was recorded in the army of Count Ernst Casimir of Nassau-Dietz, hence it would seem that his trip did not occur until later that year at the earliest. Cornelis de Bie stated that Ter Brugghen met
In 1616 Ter Brugghen registered as a master painter in Utrecht’s Saint Luke’s Guild. In October of that same year he married Jacomijna Verbeeck, the stepdaughter of his eldest brother, the innkeeper Jan Jansz ter Brugghen. The marriage took place in the Reformed Church, where at least four of their eight children were baptized. Ter Brugghen himself was not a member, and his wife joined only after her husband’s death. For the first ten years of their marriage, Ter Brugghen and his wife lived in rented quarters in the Korte Lauwerstraat, and by 1626 they had moved to the Snippevlucht, a narrow street near the center of town, where they rented a large house from Johan Wtewael, brother of the painter
As the most important of the Utrecht Caravaggisti—the Dutch followers of
 Joaneath A. Spicer and Lynne Federle Orr, Masters of Light: Dutch Painters in Utrecht during the Golden Age (New Haven, 1997), 379.
 Cornelis de Bie, Den Spiegel van de verdrayde werelt (Antwerp, 1708), 277.
 Martin Jan Bok and Y. Kobayashi, “New Data on Hendrick ter Brugghen,” Hoogsteder-Naumann Mercury, no. 1 (1985): 25, doc. 17. There is a possibility that he may have taken a second trip in about 1620.
 Rubens’ admiration for Ter Brugghen was recorded by Ter Brugghen’s son, Richard, who published a pamphlet in 1707 defending his father’s reputation as an artist.
Arthur K. Wheelock Jr.,
April 24, 2014